Combat Chronology of the
United States Army Air Forces in World War II

August 1942

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT:

  • A-20, Douglas Havoc

  • A-29, Lockheed Hudson

  • B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress

  • B-18, Douglas Bolo

  • B-24, Consolidated Liberator

  • B-25, North American Mitchell

  • B-26, Martin Marauder

  • Beaufighter, Bristol

  • Bf 109, Messerschmitt

  • Boston, Douglas

  • C-47, Douglas Skytrain

  • Fw 190, Focke-Wulf

  • Fw 200, Focke-Wulf Condor

  • Hudson, Lockheed

  • LB-30, Consolidated Liberator

  • O-46, Douglas

  • O-47, North American

  • O-49, Stinson Vigilant

  • O-52, Curtiss Owl

  • O-58, Aeronca Grasshopper

  • O-59, Piper Cub/Grasshopper

  • P-38, Lockheed Lightning

  • P-39, Bell Airacobra

  • P-40, Curtiss

  • P-400, Bell Airacobra

  • PBY, Consolidated Catalina

  • Spitfire, Vickers Supermarine

  • Zeke, Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter

SATURDAY, 1 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 



ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): Weather and photo reconnaissance is flown by 1 B-24 and 1 LB-30 over Korovin Bay and North Cape, Aleutian Islands.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND 

(1st Air Force): Following units stop flying ASW patrols during Aug: 101st and 152d Observation Squadrons, 26th Observation Group, from Hyannis and Ft Devens, Massachusetts respectively; 118th Observation Squadron, 66th Observation Group, from Charleston AAFld, South Carolina.

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(4th Air Force): During Aug, 47th and 396th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 41st Bombardment Group (Medium), stop flying ASW patrols from Hammer Field, California and MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina respectively.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

 

(8th Air Force): Lieutenant General Ira C Eaker describes the mission of the VIII Bomber Command as the destruction of carefully chosen strategic targets in Europe. HQ 31st Fighter Group and 307th, 308th and 309th Fighter Squadrons move
from Atcham to Westhampnett, Biggin Hill, Kenley and Westhampnett, England respectively with Spitfire Mk Vs.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): During the night of 1/2 Aug, B-24s hit a convoy in the Mediterranean, scoring 3 direct hits on a large merchant ship which the last aircraft reports sinking; 1 B-24 is lost in crash landing at base.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA 

During Aug, forward echelon of 26th and 431st Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), begin operating from Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands with B-17s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA 

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, B-17s attack installations at Gona and shipping 75 mi (121 km) E of Salamaua in Huon Gulf. HQ 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy) moves from Sydney to Torrens Creek, Australia.

SUNDAY, 2 AUGUST 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

[CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF)]: In China, a detachment of 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment
Group (Heavy), based at Kunming with B-25s, begins operating from Nanning.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): 82d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), arrives at Deversoir, Egypt from the US with B-25s; first mission is 17 Aug.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, 1 B-17 flies an unsuccessful strike against a cargo vessel 5 mi (8 km) S of Salamaua while another bombs Gona.  64th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Daly Waters to Fenton Field, Australia with B-17s; first mission is 13 Aug.

MONDAY, 3 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, 3 B-17s, 2 B-24s and 1 LB-30 fly a bombing and photo reconnaissance mission to Tanaga and Kanaga Islands and also bomb Kiska Island; 4 of the aircraft have mechanical trouble but all return.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND 

(1st Air Force): 13th Bombardment Group (Medium) squadron moves: 40th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) from Westover Field, Massachusetts to Mitchel Field, New York with B-18s; 393d Bombardment Squadron (Medium) from Langley Field, Virginia to Westover Field with B-18s and B-25s; both squadrons continue flying ASW patrols.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): P-400's strafe Oivi and Kokoda, New Guinea. 63d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Charleveill to Torrens Creek, Australia with B-17s; first mission is 14 Aug.

TUESDAY, 4 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 1 LB-30 flies a photo mission and 2 B-17s and 3 B-24s covered by 8 P-38's escort US Navy (USN) tenders to Nazan Bay, Atka Island, Aleutian Islands; two 4-engine seaplane bombers and a possible third are downed near Atka Island by 2 of the P-38's, in their first aerial combat in any theater; weather cancels bombing mission to Kiska Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): P-40's sweep Japanese HQ at Linchwan and bomb HQ buildings and barracks and strafe transports.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): B-24s strike a convoy in the Mediterranean during the night of 4/5 Aug, claiming hits on 2 merchant ships.

WEDNESDAY, 5 AUGUST 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): Japanese aircraft again attack US airfield at Kweilin; notified well in advance by the Chinese warning net (previously set up under Brigadier General Claire L Chennault while he was head of the American Volunteer Group (AVG), P-40s meet the Japanese over the target, shooting down 2, and another is downed by ground fire.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): VIII Fighter Command dispatches its first mission-11 Spitfire Mk Vs of the 31st Fighter Group on a practice run over France.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): Lieutenant General Lewis H Brereton, in his first strategic estimate of the Middle Eastern war, indicates that the 3 major objectives for the Allied Air Forces are to assist in the destruction of General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps by support to ground troops, secure sea and air communications on and over the Mediterranean, and carry out a sustained air offensive against Italy and against oil installations at Ploesti, Rumania
and in the Caucasus, if the latter should fall under Axis control.
Unit moves: 65th Fighter Squadron, 57th Fighter Group, from Muqueibile, Palestine to Cyprus with P-40s; 345th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) arrives at Ramat David, Palestine from the US with B-24s; first mission is 12 Aug.

THURSDAY, 6 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 3 B-24s, 2 B-17s and 10 P-38s provide air coverage for USN tenders to Nazan Bay, Atka Island; photo reconnaissance is flown over Attu Island, Aleutian Islands. 

CARIBBEAN 

(6th Air Force): 39th Observation Squadron, 72d Observation Group attached to Trinidad Sector and Base Command, moves from Howard Field, Canal Zone to Waller Field, Trinidad, British West Indies with O-47s and O-49s.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): 76th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 42d Bombardment Group (Medium), attached to 45th Bombardment Group (Medium), and based at McChord Field, Washington, moves from NAS Opalocka to Drew Field, Florida and continues flying ASW patrols with A-29s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): B-25s bomb Tien Ho Airfield, Canton, China, causing heavy damage to the runways and destroying several parked aircraft. Detachment of 11th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), operating from Nanning, China with B-25s returns to base at Kunming.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-24s hit the harbor at Tobruk, Libya.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-25s and B-26s pound airfields at Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. 

FRIDAY, 7 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 3 B-24s dispatched to bomb Kiska Island return with their bombs due to solid overcast; 4 more B-24s also depart for Kiska; 1 turns back with mechanical trouble, the others abort the mission over the target due to undercast; 1 B-24, 4 P-38s and an LB-30 fly 2 air coverage missions at Nazan Bay, Atka Island for USN tenders.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): HQ 60th Troop Carrier Group and 10th and 28th Troop Carrier Squadrons move from Chelveston and Podington to Aldermaston, England with C-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): Colonel Harry A Halverson relinquishes command of Hal Bombardment Squadron, to be succeeded by Lieutenant Colonel George F McGuire. 343d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 98th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives at Ramat David, Palestine from the US with B-24s; first mission is in Aug.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

First Marine Division (Reinforced) invades Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): 13 B-17s of the 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), led by Lieutenant Colonel Richard H Carmichael hit Vunakanau Airfield, New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago, in coordination with US Marine Corps (USMC) landings on Guadalcanal Island. B-26s attack Lae, New Guinea, and a B-17 and a B-25 each attack a submarine in the Gulf of Papua.
HQ 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) and 405th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) move from Eagle Farms and Ballarat respectively to Breddan Field, Australia with B-25s; first mission is 17 Sep.

SATURDAY, 8 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 1 LB-30, 3 B-24s and 8 P-38s on photo and bombing missions over Kiska Island cannot attack but Navy PBYs also operating over and off Kiska Island hit freighters and a transport, claiming 1 transport sinking, and score many hits on North Head and Main Camp.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): 313th, 314th, 315th and 398th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 21st Bombardment Group (Medium), stop flying ASW patrols from MacDill Field, Florida.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): In China, B-25s hit the Canton area, bombing Tien Ho Airfield and other targets in the vicinity and claiming 2 interceptors shot down.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA 

From this date through 23 Aug, B-17s fly search missions covering the lower Solomon Islands in order to detect any attempt to make a surprise attack on the forces consolidating the Guadalcanal Island beachhead.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, P-400s dive-bomb Kokoda and Yodda; B-17s, B-25s and B-26s bomb runways and targets of opportunity at Lae and Salamaua.

SUNDAY, 9 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 6 bombers fly armed reconnaissance over Kiska and Attu Islands and hit Kiska Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): In China, P-40s of the 23d Fighter Group continue to support Chinese ground forces by harassing the Japanese at Linchwan; 4 B-25s and 3 P-40s from the Kweilin-Hengyang area, staging through Nanning, bomb docks and warehouses at Haiphong, French Indochina, causing considerable damage and claiming a freighter sunk in the harbor; this is the first CATF raid over French Indochina.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Unit moves in England: HQ 301st Bombardment Group (Heavy) to Chelveston from the US; 27th Fighter Squadron from Goxhill to Atcham (the squadron is operating their P-38s from Reykjavik, Iceland).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s bomb shipping and airfields at Rabaul, New Britain Island and Gasmata Island off the S coast of New Britain Island while B-26s hit the harbor area at Salamaua, New Guinea.

MONDAY, 10 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 5 B-17s and 3 B-24s bomb Kiska Island targets; fighters and AA down 1 B-24 and only the pilot is saved.

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND 

(4th Air Force): 123d Observation Squadron, 70th Observation Group, stops flying ASW patrols from Gray Field and Hoquiam, Washington.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): In China, B-25s bomb Hankow; afterwards the P-40 escorts, led by Colonel Robert L Scott, strike ammunition dumps and military warehouses at Sienning, causing heavy destruction of material which the Japanese have accumulated to use against Hengyang and other US bases in C China.

TUESDAY, 11 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over W Semichi Island and the N coast of Attu Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(CATF): In China, P-40s hit airfields at Yoyang and Nanchang from which the enemy has been attacking Hengyang.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Referring to Operation TORCH (plans for the invasion of N Africa in Nov 42), Major General Carl Spaatz informs General Henry H "Hap" Arnold that, in his opinion, the UK remains the only base from which air supremacy over Germany can be established.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA  

98th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Hickam Field, Oahu, Hawaii to Espiritu Santo Island; they have been operating B-17s from New Caledonia Island since 21 Jul.

WEDNESDAY, 12 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Amlia and Atka Islands.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): 31st Fighter Group at Westhampnett, England with Spitfire Mk Vs, is declared fully operational and ready for combat operations under Royal Air Force (RAF) control until it gains enough experience to be able to fight as a group; this is first US fighter unit in the UK to reach this operational status.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s bomb shipping at Rabaul, New Britain Island, scoring damaging hits on 3 vessels. 71st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium),
moves from Batchelor Field to Breddan Field, Australia with B-25s; first mission is 15 Sep.

THURSDAY, 13 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Kiska Island.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): 83d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), arrives at Ismailia, Egypt from the US with B-25s; first mission is 16 Aug.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): A Japanese convoy, headed toward Basabua near Gona, New Guinea, with 3,000 construction troops, is attacked first by B-17s 76 mi (122 km) NE of Gona, followed by B-26s 20-25 mi (32-40 km) N of Gona and another B-17 attack as the convoy approaches landing position. In New Guinea, Japanese ground forces attack at Deniki, driving Allied forces back about 5 mi (8 km) and firmly securing the Buna-Kokoda trail.

FRIDAY, 14 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, a B-24 trying to fly photo reconnaissance over Tanaga and Adak Islands aborts over Kiska Island due to weather.

ZONE OF INTERIOR

AAF Foreign Service Concentration Command is redesignated
I Concentration Command. 

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

1st Composite Squadron, AAF Composite Force 8012, arrives on Ascension Island in the South Atlantic from the US with P-39s and B-25s.

ICELAND BASE COMMAND

 2d Lieutenant Joseph D Shaffer (33d Fighter Squadron) and 2d Lieutenant Elza E Shahan (27th Fighter Squadron) jointly shoot down an Fw 200 off the coast of Iceland. This is the first aerial victory of the AAF in the ETO.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): B-24s bomb the harbor at Tobruk, Libya during the night of 14/15 Aug. 434th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), arrives at Ismailia, Egypt from the US with B-25s; first mission is 28 Aug.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s attack shipping off Gona, New Guinea. ;

SATURDAY, 15 AUGUST 1942

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): 11th Troop Carrier Squadron, 60th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Chelveston to Aldermaston, England with C-47s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Williamstown to Torrens Creek, Australia with B-17s; first mission is 12 Nov.

SUNDAY, 16 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): A B-24 aborts a photo reconnaissance flight over Adak Island because of mechanical failure.

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(4th Air Force): 82d and 110th Observation Squadrons, 71st Observation Group, stop flying ASW patrols from Salinas AAB, California.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): HQ 6th Fighter Wing arrives at Bushey Hall, England from the US; the wing will train replacement pilot for fighter organizations until Sep 43.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): Personnel strength is greatly increased and supply and maintenance prospects are much improved by the arrival of ground echelons of the 57th Fighter Group, 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), 98th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and 323d Service Group.

MONDAY, 17 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA

(11th Air Force): 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Buldir, Kiska and Amchitka Islands, Aleutian Islands, despite heavy rain.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): Unit moves in China: 16th Fighter Squadron, 51st Fighter Group, from Kunming to Chungking with P-40s; 75th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, from Hengyang to Chanyi with P-40s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 1: 12 of 12 B-17s bomb Rouen/Sotteville marshalling yard in France at 1739-1746 hours; they claim 0-0-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 2 B-17s are damaged. 6 B-17s also fly a diversion without loss; escort is provided by RAF Spitfires.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): B-25s of the 81st Bombardment Squadron (Medium) hit stores, depot and tank repair shops at Matruh, Egypt. This marks the debut of the B-25s of the 12th Bombardment Group (Medium) in the Middle East.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): A single B-17 bombs Kavieng, New Ireland Island, Bismarck
Archipelago.

TUESDAY, 18 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): A B-24 takes oblique photos of Amchitka and Tanaga Islands; Heavy fog over Kiska and Attu Islands precludes armed reconnaissance.

CARIBBEAN 

(6th Air Force): 397th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 6th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from David, Panama to Talara, Peru with LB-30s and continues flying ASW patrols.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(10th Air Force): Major General Clayton L Bissell becomes Commanding General 10th Air Force, relieving Brigadier General Earl L Naiden who now devotes full time to command of India-China Ferry Command under the 10th Air Force.

(CATF): 76th Fighter Squadron, 23d Fighter Group, moves from Kweilin to Kunming, China with P-40s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Units arriving in England from the US: HQ 14th Fighter Group at Atcham; HQ 64th Troop Carrier Group and 16th, 17th, 18th and 35th Troop Carrier Squadrons at Ramsbury with C-47s; HQ 92d Bombardment Group (Heavy) and 325th, 326th, 327th and 407th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) at Bovingdon with B-17s (they will fly some combat missions while training replacement  crews, Aug 42-Jan 43); 32d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 301st Bombardment Group (Heavy), at Chelveston with B-17s (first mission is 2 Oct).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): For a second consecutive day a single B-17 attacks Kavieng, New Ireland Island; bombs fall in the airfield dispersal area.

WEDNESDAY, 19 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): Mechanical failure prevents a B-24 from flying reconnaissance over Tanaga Island.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND 

 (1st Air Force): 103d Observation Squadron, 26th Observation Group, stops flying ASW patrols from Hyannis, Massachusetts.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 2: 22 of 24 B-17s bomb Abbeville/Drucat Airfield, France at 1032-1040 hours; 3 B-17s are damaged; 6 B-17s fly a diversion and 2 airmen are WIA. This mission is flown to occupy the Luftwaffe and prevent them from opposing an invasion by over 5,000 Allied troops, mostly Canadians, who raid Dieppe, France. 123 Spitfire Mk Vs of the 31st Fighter Group support the raid on Dieppe and claim 1-1-5 Luftwaffe aircraft with the loss of 8 Spitfires (4 pilots are MIA); 2d Lieutenant Samuel F Junkin Jr of the 309th Fighter Squadron, 31st Fighter Group, flying a Spitfire Mk V in support of the amphibious raid on Dieppe, shoots down a German fighter, this being the first aerial victory won by an 8th Air Force fighter pilot flying from the UK. Units arriving in England from the US: HQ 1st Bombardment Wing at Brampton Grange; 353d and 419th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 301st Bombardment Group (Heavy), at Chelveston with B-17s (first mission is 2 Oct). 2d, 4th and 5th Fighter Squadron, 52d Fighter Group arrive at Eglinton, Co Derry, Ireland from the US (squadrons will be equipped with Spitfire Mk Vs and 2d and 4th Fighter Squadrons will fly their first mission on 27 Aug; 5th Fighter Squadron will not fly missions).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): 64th and 66th Fighter Squadrons, 57th Fighter Group, arrive at Muqueibile and Beit Daras, Palestine respectively from the US with P-40s; first mission is 7 Oct.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s bomb shipping on Faisi Island, Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands.

THURSDAY, 20 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Kiska Island; a patrol is flown over Shumagin Island, Aleutian Islands.

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(4th Air Force): 25th Observation Squadron, 71st Observation Group, stops flying ASW patrols from Salinas AAB, California.

ZONE OF INTERIOR

HQ Twelfth Air Force is activated at Bolling Field, Washington, DC.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): The principle of coordinated day and night bombing receives its first formal definition in the "Joint British/American Directive on Day Bomber Operations involving Fighter Cooperation." The emphasis is placed on achieving continuity in the bombing offensive from the UK.  Mission 3: 11 of 12 B-17s bomb Amiens/Longeau marshalling yard, France at 1801 hours without loss. Unit moves in England: 27th Fighter Squadron, 1st Fighter Group, from Atcham to High Ercall (the squadron is operating from Reykjavik, Iceland with P-38s); 352d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 301st Bombardment Group (Heavy) to Podington from the US with B-17s (first mission is 5 Sep).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): 63d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Torrens Creek to Mareeba, Australia with B-17s.

FRIDAY, 21 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 1 B-24 trying to fly reconnaissance over Kiska Island
aborts due to weather.

CARIBBEAN 

(6th Air Force): HQ XXXVI Fighter Command is activated at Waller Field,
Trinidad.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): At General Henry H "HAP" Arnold's request, Lieutenant General Dwight D Eisenhower gives Major General Carl Spaatz additional duties as Air Officer for the ETO and head of the air section of its staff, thus assuring active participation by the 8th Air Force in theater planning.  Mission 4: 12 B-17s are dispatched to the bomb the shipyards at Rotterdam, The Netherlands but the mission is aborted due to an attack by 25 Bf 109s and Fw 190s; the bombers claim 2-5-6 Luftwaffe aircraft; 1 bomber is damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 5 WIA. Lack of proper coordination with the Spitfire escorts is a major factor in the failure of the mission. HQ VIII Ground Air Support Command moves from Bushy Park to Membury, England.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

 (USAMEAF): B-24s from 2 squadrons hit a convoy SW of Crete, claiming 2 ships probably sunk; fighters attack a straggling B-24 and force it to crashland at sea. 343d and 344th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 98th Bombardment Group (Heavy), move from David to St Jean, Palestine with B-24s.

SATURDAY, 22 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA

 (11th Air Force): A photo reconnaissance mission over Kiska Island is
aborted due to overcast.

CARIBBEAN

(6th Air Force): German submarine, U-654, is sunk off Panama at 12-OON 79-56W, by the 45th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 40th Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at France Field, Canal Zone.

ZONE OF INTERIOR

XII Air Force Services Command is activated at MacDill Field, Florida, under Major John L Cheeselbrough.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-25s hit a tank and motor repair shop and storage dumps at Matruh, Egypt; a B-25 is mistakenly shot down by an RAF Beaufighter.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA 

(7th Air Force): First AAF aircraft, 5 P-400s of the 67th Fighter Squadron, 58th Fighter Group, based on New Caledonia Island, arrive at Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island, joining USMC aircraft which arrived earlier; these P-400s, which operate under control of Marine Aircraft Wing One (MAW-1), prove no match for Japanese Zekes or bombers at high altitudes.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s bomb airfields at Lae, New Guinea and Rabaul, New Britain Island.

SUNDAY, 23 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
CARIBBEAN

(6th AF): 1st Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 9th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Waller Field to Edinburgh Field, Trinidad. 

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA 

(7th Air Force): 333d Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, is activated at Bellows Field, Hawaii and equipped with P-39s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): A lone B-17 bombs Buka Island, Solomon Islands.

MONDAY 24 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 404th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 28th Composite Group, begins to operate from Umnak Island, Aleutian Islands with B-24s. A photo reconnaissance sortie is cancelled due to overcast.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 5: 12 of 12 B-17s bomb the shipyard of Ateliers et Chantiers Maritime de la Seine at Le Trait, France; 3 B-17s are damaged and 5 airmen are WIA. Major General Carl Spaatz reports the the RAF attitude towards US daylight precision bombing seems to be changing from one of skepticism to one of tentative approval. Unit moves in England: HQ 6th Fighter Wing from Bushey Hall to Atcham; HQ 1st Fighter Group and 71st Fighter Squadron from Goxhill to Ibsley with P-38s (first mission is 1 Sep); 307th Fighter Squadron, 31st Fighter Group, from Biggin Hill to Merston.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-24s attack Tobruk, Libya harbor.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA 

 In the Battle of the Eastern Solomons, 7 B-17s and USN dive- and torpedo-bombers from the carriers USS Enterprise (CV-6) and USS Saratoga (CV-3) attack a task force covering a transport formation heading for Guadalcanal Island; USN aircraft sink the Japanese aircraft carrier Ryujo; during the night 4 Japanese warships shell the airstrip on Guadalcanal.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s hit Gasmata Island and airfields at Rabaul, New Britain Island. Japanese amphibious forces leave Buna, New Guinea in barges and New Ireland Island in transports, heading for Milne Bay, New Guinea; the barges are detected by an Australian coastwatcher during the afternoon.

TUESDAY, 25 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): A photo reconnaissance airplane flies over Kiska, Attu and Adak Islands, then turns back because of mechanical failure.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Units of the Provisional Troop Carrier Command, organized in the UK on 31 Jul pending arrival of the VIII Troop Carrier Command, are transferred to the VIII Ground Air Support Command after plans to organize the VIII Troop Carrier Command are abandoned.
308th Fighter Squadron, 31st Fighter Group, moves from Kenley to Westhampnett, England with Spitfires.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 

(USAMEAF): B-25s bomb shipping and landing grounds. B-24s attack Corinth Canal, Greece.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA  

The Japanese invasion force sailing toward Guadalcanal (see 24 Aug) is hit hard by USMC dive bombers 125 mi (201 km) from the island at 0835 hours; B-17s from Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Island sink the destroyer Mutsuki as it is attempting to sink the damaged transport Kinuru Maru; by 1200 hours the force is heading N in retreat; the enemy has lost about 90 aircraft in the battle. 

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, Japanese amphibious forces bound for Milne Bay from Buna are stranded on Goodenough Island when P-40s from Milne Bay destroy all of their beached barges. P-40s also attack a convoy proceeding from New Ireland Island toward Milne Bay but are hampered by bad weather and fail to halt landings at 3 points E of Rabi during the night of 25/26 Aug. P-400s hit the airfield and AA positions at Buna.

WEDNESDAY, 26 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(11th Air Force): A photo mission is aborted over Atka Island due to weather.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): 119th Observation Squadron, 59th Observation Group, moves from Ft Dix AAB, New Jersey to Hyannis Municipal Airport, Massachusetts and continues flying ASW patrols with O-47s, O-49s, O-52 and O-58s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): B-25s, which have moved temporarily from C China to Yunnani, bomb Lashio, Burma, an important rail center, highway junction and air base; covering P-40s strafe numerous targets of opportunity and shoot down at least 2 Japanese fighters.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Unit moves in England: HQ 52d Fighter Group and 2d, 4th and 5th Fighter Squadrons from Eglinton, Ireland to Goxhill with Spitfires; 27th Fighter Squadron, 1st Fighter Group, stops operating from Reykjavik, Iceland with P-38s and moves to High Ercall.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, P-40s, B-25s, B-26s and B-17s plus Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Hudsons, pound Japanese forces in Milne Bay; a large transport is damaged and most of the supplies on the beachheads E of Rabi are destroyed; P-400s strafe Buna Airfield.

THURSDAY, 27 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): 4 B-17s, 6 B-24s, and 2 P-38s fly weather, reconnaissance and patrol missions over Kiska and Atka Islands. The Japanese begin to transfer the Attu Island garrison to Kiska Island, which is completed on 16 Sep.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND 

(1st Air Force): 126th Observation Squadron, 59th Observation Group, moves from Ft Dix AAB, New Jersey to Hyannis Municipal Airport, Massachusetts and continues flying ASW patrols with O-46s, O-47s, O-49s, O-52s and O-59s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 6: 7 of 9 B-17s bomb the shipyards at Rotterdam, The Netherlands at 1740 hours; 3 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is WIA. 92d Bombardment Group (Heavy) completes nonstop flight of the last of its 4 squadrons from Newfoundland to UK without a loss. A Combat Crew Replacement Center (CCRC), the first in the Eighth Air Force, is established at Bovingdon, England. 94th Fighter Squadron, 1st Fighter Group, moves from Kirton in Lindsey to Ibsley, England with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-24s bomb a convoy, hitting 1 merchant ship which is reported sinking.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, B-26s and P-400s bomb Buna Airfield while P-40s strafe the beachhead and fuel dumps at Milne Bay. 403d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy),moves from Laverton to Torrens Creek, Australia with B-17s; first mission is in Oct.

FRIDAY, 28 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): Of 3 B-17s bombing Kiska Island, 1 fails to return; all available B-24s and 2 flights of P-38s fly naval cover at Nazan Bay, Atka Island; and an attack mission to Attu Island is cancelled due to weather.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): 46th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 41st Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Hammer Field, California to MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina and continues flying ASW patrols with A-29s. 

ZONE OF INTERIOR

Lieutenant Colonel Harold L Neely takes command of the Twelfth Air Force.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): In French Indochina, 8 B-25s hit barracks and ammunition dumps at Hoang Su Phi and a fuel dump at Phu Lo; this is the largest force of B-25s used by CATF to date, and the first B-25 mission flown without escort.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 7: 11 of 14 B-17s bomb the Avions Potez aircraft factory at Meaulte at 1337-1344 hours; 3 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): 2 B-24 squadrons bomb docks, shipping and jetties in Tobruk, Libya harbor.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-26s pound forces at Milne Bay, New Guinea.

SATURDAY, 29 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS 
ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): A USN PBY reports a force of 3 cruisers and 4 destroyers NW of Umnak Island; thereupon all aircraft of the 11th go on attack alert; the surface force then identifies itself as friendly.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): 105th Observation Squadron, 65th Observation Group, moves from Georgetown Co Airport to Charleston AAFld, South Carolina and continues flying ASW patrols with O-46s, O-47s, O-49s, O-52s and O-57s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): B-25s pound Lashio, Burma, scoring numerous hits on the airport and starting 3 large fires in warehouse area SE of the city.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(8th Air Force): Mission 8: In France, 11 of 13 B-17s attack Courtrai Airfield at 1131-1136 hours; 1 B-17 hits Steene Airfield at 1137; they claim 0-1-1 Luftwaffe aircraft; 3 B-17s are damaged.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-24s fail to locate shipping near Crete and return without bombing. B-25s bomb a landing ground during the night of 29/30 Aug. 65th Fighter Squadron, 57th Fighter Group, moves from Cyprus to Muqueibile, Palestine with P-40s; first mission is 7 Oct.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, B-26s and P-400s hit the airfield at Buna; B-17s pound the airfield at Rabaul, New Britain Island, and P-40s hit facilities in the Milne Bay area as enemy ground forces continue their drive over the Owen Stanley Range toward Port Moresby.

SUNDAY, 30 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): US troops occupy Kuluk Bay, Adak Island, amidst a terrific storm and start building a runway. 5 B-24s photograph Kiska Island but do not bomb due to overcast, and then fly patrol and photo reconnaissance over Amchitka and Tanaga Islands. P-38s fly patrol between Great Sitkin and Little Tanaga Islands.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND  

(1st Air Force): Air echelon of 40th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 13th Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Mitchel Field, New York, begins flying ASW patrols from Guantanamo, Cuba with B-18s; 112th Observation Squadron, 65th Observation Group, moves from Georgetown Co. Airport, South Carolina to Palm Beach Co Airpark, Lantana, Florida and continues flying ASW patrols with O-47s, O-49s, O-57s and O-58s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): Myitkyina, northernmost Japanese supply depot and airfield in Burma, from which fighters could hit Dinjan, India (terminus of the Assam-Burma Ferry), is bombed for the first time by 8 China-based B-25s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS  

(USAMEAF): B-24s bomb docks and jetties in Tobruk, Libya harbor.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA 

(7th Air Force): 6th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, moves from Wheeler Field to Kahuku, Hawaii with P-40s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): B-17s attack shipping in Saint George's Channel between New Ireland and New Britain Islands.

MONDAY 31 AUGUST 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA 

(11th Air Force): Of 2 B-24s flying weather, reconnaissance and patrol missions over Tanaga Island, 1 returns due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(CATF): B-25s from China bomb Myitkyina, Burma for the second consecutive day.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(12th Air Force):  HQ XII Bomber Command arrives at High Wycombe, England and is assigned to HQ Twelfth AF.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-25s attack aircraft on a landing ground, and B-24s raid the harbor at Tobruk, Libya. P-40s of the 66th Fighter Squadron, 57th Fighter Group, escort RAF bombers during raid on Maryut, Egypt. B-25s, in conjunction with RAF Bostons, attack troop concentrations and military vehicles as the battle of Alam-el-Halfa begins along the El Alamein line.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(5th Air Force): In New Guinea, B-26s and A-20s bomb the airfield at Lae; B-17s bomb an ammunition dump at Buna; P-400s strafe positions at Wairopi; and P-40s bomb landing barges and strafe gun positions in Milne Bay area where Australian ground forces now take the offensive.