Combat Chronology of the United States Army Air Forces in World War II

October 1942

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT:

  • A-20, Douglas Havoc

  • A-29, Lockheed Hudson

  • B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress

  • B-18, Douglas Bolo

  • B-24, Consolidated Liberator

  • B-25, North American Mitchell

  • B-26, Martin Marauder

  • B-34, Lockheed Lexington

  • Bf 109, Messerschmitt

  • C-47, Douglas Skytrain

  • C-53, Douglas Skytrooper

  • DB-7, Douglas

  • F-4, Lockheed Lightning

  • Fw 190, Focke-Wulf

  • Hudson, Lockheed

  • O-46, Douglas

  • O-47, North American

  • O-52, Curtiss Owl

  • OA-12, Grumman Duck

  • P-38, Lockheed Lightning

  • P-39, Bell Airacobra

  • P-40, Curtiss

  • P-400, Bell Airacobra

  • PBY, Consolidated Catalina

  • RM-37, Lockheed Ventura (= RAF Ventura Mk II)

  • Spitfire, Vickers Supermarine

  • Zeke, Mitsubishi A6M, Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter

THURSDAY, 1 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, a Japanese reconnaissance airplane over Adak Island establishes US occupation of the island; 7 B-24s on a search-attack and photo reconnaissance mission over Kiska Island hit hangars and ramps, starting several fires; 4 fighters appear and are engaged; 1 probable victory is claimed; 2 other B-24s take off, after a Navy PBY contact a transport, but cannot locate it.

CARIBBEAN

(Sixth Air Force): During Oct, the 22d Fighter Squadron, 36th Fighter Group, moves from Vega Baja, Puerto Rico to Waller Field, Trinidad with P-39s and P-40s (detachments are operating from Aruba, Curacao and Zandery Field, Surinam).

WESTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(Fourth Air Force): During Oct, the 4th, 7th and 18th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 34th Bombardment Group (Heavy), cease flying ASW patrols from Geiger Field, Washington

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ 350th Fighter Group and the 345th, 346th and 347th Fighter Squadrons are activated at Bushey Hall, England; the ground echelons of the squadrons are at Harding Field, Louisiana and will sail to North Africa for the invasion.

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 441st, 442d and 443d Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 320th Bombardment Group (Medium), move from Hethel to Tibenham, England with B-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s bomb shipping in Pylos Bay, Greece, claiming 2 direct hits and several near misses on a large vessel; other B-24s dispatched to bomb a convoy at sea fail to find the target.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-17s and P-400s pound forces and communications in the Owen Stanley Range, hitting Menari, Kagi, Myola Lake, the Kokoda area, Wairopi bridge, and the Buna-Wairopi trail; and the 71st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Bredden Field, Australia to Port Moresby with B-25s.

FRIDAY, 2 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): On Kiska Island, 11 B-24s and 6 P-39s bomb 2 cargo ships in the harbor (no hits observed), drop demolition charges throughout the Main Camp area, and hit a hangar S of the seaplane ramp; 4 floatplanes and 1 biplane are shot down. Enemy aircraft bomb the Adak Island airfield without inflicting damage.

CARIBBEAN

(Sixth Air Force): German sub, U-512, is sunk off French Guiana, 06-50N, 52-25W, by aircraft of the 99th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 9th Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at Zandery Field, Surinam.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) Mission 13: 61 bombers and 54 fighters are dispatched to attack 3 targets in France; 1 fighter is lost:

1. 32 of 43 B-17s dispatched hit the Avions Potez aircraft factory at Meaulte; they claim 4-9-5 aircraft; 6 B-17s are damaged; 3 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 31 P-38s; 1 P-38 is lost. 2. 6 of 6 B-17s fly a diversionary missions to St Omer/Longuenesse Airfield; they claim 5-4-4 aircraft. Escort is provided by 23 Spitfires; they claim 4-0-1 aircraft without loss. 3. 11 of 12 unescorted DB-7s attack a ship in a dock at Le Havre without loss.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In the Owen Stanley Range of New Guinea, A-20s bomb and strafe Japanese campsites around Myola and hit several trails in the area, while P-400s strafe bridges at Sirorata and Wairopi and a village NE of Wairopi. B-17s bomb shipping and airfield at Rabaul on New Britain Island, Bismarck Archipelago.

SATURDAY, 3 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s, 4 P-38s, and 8 P-39s bomb and strafe 7 vessels in and around Kiska Island Harbor hitting a beached cargo vessel and the camp; the fighters down 6 float fighters attempting interception; the enemy bombs Adak Island Airfield but inflicts no damage. The 77th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 28th Composite Group, moves from Elmendorf Field, Anchorage to Adak Island (the squadron continues to operate from Umnak Island with B-25s and B-26s until Dec 42).

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force):

INDIA AIR TASK FORCE (IATF): The IATF is activated at Dinjan, India to support Chinese resistance along the Salween River by hitting supply lines in C and S Burma; the new task force, commanded by Colonel Caleb V Haynes, includes all AAF combat units in India, all based at Karachi-the 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), the 51st Fighter Group, and the 341st Bombardment Group (Medium).

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) The 95th Fighter Squadron, 82d Fighter Group, arrives at Eglington, Co Derry, Ireland from the US with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s attack shipping in Pylos Bay, Greece during the night of 3/4 Oct; they claim 2 fighters shot down.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): HQ 347th Fighter Group and the 339th Fighter Squadron are activated on New Caledonia Island with P-38s, P-39s, and P-400s (a detachment of the 339th begins operating from Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands); the 67th, 68th and 70th Fighter Squadrons are transferred to the 347th Fighter Group; the 67th is based on New Caledonia with P-39s and P-400s but is operating from Guadalcanal Island; the 68th is based on Tongatabu Island, Tonga Islands with P-39s and P-40s; and the 70th is based in the Fiji Islands with P-39s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s bomb and strafe Efogi and Myola Lake, P-40s strafe the Efogi-Buna trail, B-25's hit a bridge at Wairopi, and a lone B-17 bombs a camp on the Kumusi River.

SUNDAY, 4 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 3 B-24s abort weather, bombing and photo missions over Kiska Island due to weather and instead attack a cargo vessel; the ship's rudder is probably damaged; 1 B-24 is damaged.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) The 347th Fighter Squadron, 350th Fighter Group, moves from Bushey Hall to Snailwell, England with P-39s and P-400s.

(Twelfth Air Force:) In England, HQ 319th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 437th, 439th and 440th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Shipdham to Horsham St Faith with B-26s; the 154th Observation Squadron, 68th Observation Group, arrives at Wattisham from the US with A-20s; and the 444th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 320th Bombardment Group (Medium), arrives at Hethel from the US with B-26s.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 72d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), based on Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands with B-17s, begins operating from Guadalcanal Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, P-40s strafe forces and occupied areas at Myola Lake, Kokoda, Wairopi, Yodda, and Buna; a US reconnaissance party from the 126th Infantry Regiment, 32d Infantry Division reaches Jauri, completing a reconnaissance of the Kapa Kapa-Jauri trail, which is found to be difficult but practicable for use as a route in a contemplated offensive against the Buna-Gona area.

MONDAY, 5 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s, 3 P-38s and 3 P-39s abort a bombing, weather, and photo mission over Kiska Island due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force): (INDIA AIR TASK FORCE): The 9th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), returns to Karachi, India from Lydda, Palestine.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ 82d Fighter Group and the 96th and 97th Fighter Squadrons arrive at Eglington, Co Derry, Ireland from the US with P-38s.

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 16th and 122d Observation Squadrons, 68th Observation Group, based at Langley Field, Virginia, send detachments to Wattisham, England with A-20s; and the 438th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 319th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Shipdham to Horsham St Faith, England with B-26s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s attack a convoy off Buna; A-20s hit AA positions at Sanananda Point and bomb the village of Sanananda; B-17s bomb airfields at Buna and also hit airfields at Rabaul on New Britain Island.

TUESDAY, 6 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 8 B-24s, 1 B-17, 10 P-39s, and 8 P-38s fly bombing and weather missions over Kiska Island; a large transport is bombed in the harbor which is left sinking; hits are scored on a corvette and on a large freighter at Gertrude Cove and on a hangar in Main Camp; the radio station is damaged; a float fighter is strafed and set afire, and 6 Zekes are hit on the water.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(First Air Force): The air echelon of the 40th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 13th Bombardment Group (Medium), operating from Vernam Field, Jamaica, British West Indies moves to Edinburgh Field, Trinidad with B-18s (the squadron is based at Mitchel Field, New York).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): In Libya, B-24s hit Bengasi harbor, scoring a large number or near misses but no direct hits; 1 B-24 bombs Bardia during the return flight; AA is heavy and accurate and fighters attack 6 B-24s over target; 2 B-24s are lost.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, Fifth AF aircraft complete the movement of the reinforced Australian 18 Brigade to Wanigela on the peninsula between Dyke Acland and Collingwood Bays on the E coast of Papua; this is part of the move aimed at capture of the Buna-Gona area.

WEDNESDAY, 7 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, 3 B-24s taking off to bomb Kiska Island and patrol Near Island abort mission due to mechanical failure and instead fly reconnaissance over Agattu, Attu, and Semichi Islands with negative results.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s score 7 direct hits on a tanker and 8 on fuel installations at Suda Bay, Crete. 66 P-40s escort bombers over the battle area W of El Alamein, Egypt.

THURSDAY, 8 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 9 B-24s, 3 B-17s, and 12 P-38s blast Kiska Island Harbor installations (starting fires in Main Camp), and strafe AA positions, hangars, a corvette (silencing her guns), and a freighter.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) In letter to Major General George E Stratemeyer, Chief of the Air Staff, Major General Ira C Eaker, Commanding General Eighth Air Force, indicates plans for developing a highly-skilled intruder force capable of using bad weather as a cloak for small blind-bombing operations. These missions are also to serve the purpose of keeping the enemy from resting during periods of bad weather when big strategic missions cannot be flown.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s fail to reach the target at Bengasi, Libya because of bad weather. The Hal Bombardment Squadron manages to attack shipping at Bengasi.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s bomb the Buna area while A-20s pound the Buna-Kokoda trail; the Japanese withdrawal NE across the Owen Stanley Range slows as they prepare to make a stand at Templeton's Crossing N of Myola.

FRIDAY, 9 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 7 B-17s and 10 B-24s escorted by 6 P-38s and 4 P-39s bomb the harbor at Kiska Island, installations, and shipping 6 times; targets include shipping in Gertrude Cove, small cargo vessels in Kiska Harbor, installations at North Head, a hangar, Main Camp area (hit several times), and various shore facilities.

EASTERN DEFENSE COMMAND

(First Air Force): The air echelon of the 40th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 13th Bombardment Group (Medium), ceases operating from Edinburgh Field, Trinidad and moves to Zandery Field, Surinam with B-18s (the squadron is based at Mitchel Field, New York).

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) Mission 14: 108 bombers are dispatched to bomb the steel and engineering works of the Compagnie de Fives at Lille, France and the locomotive and freight car works of Ateliers d'Hellemmes at Lille; 59 B-17s and 10 B-24s hit the primary targets; 2 B-17s hit the secondary target, Courtrai Airfield; other targets hit are Longuenesse Airfield (6) and Roubaix (2); the bombers claim 25-38-44 Luftwaffe aircraft; 4 bombers are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 46 damaged; 10 airmen are WIA and 29 MIA.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s strike shipping and harbor facilities at Bengasi, Libya; P-40s fly escort and strafe a landing ground W of El Daba, Egypt and emplacements in the battle area W of El Alamein, Egypt.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): 30 B-17s pound numerous targets at Rabaul, New Britain Island. In New Guinea, 14 B-25s hit the airfield at Lae; and HQ 49th Fighter Group moves from Darwin, Australia to Port Moresby.

SATURDAY, 10 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 10 B-24s, 7 B-17s, and 4 P-38s fly 4 missions to Kiska Island; the third mission (3 B-17s) does not make contact; the others bomb and strafe the Main Camp area, hit shipping in Trout Lagoon and off South Head, where gun positions and installations are also blasted; fires are started in the Main Camp and hangar areas. The 344th Fighter Squadron, 343d Fighter Group, is activated at Elmendorf Field, Anchorage with P-40s.

CARIBBEAN

(Sixth Air Force): The 12th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 25th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Benedict Field, St Croix, Virgin Islands to Dakota Field, Aruba, Netherlands West Indies with B-18s.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force):

(INDIA AIR TASK FORCE): HQ 51st Fighter Group and the 26th Fighter Squadron move from Karachi to Dinjan, India with P-40s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 66th, 67th and 68th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) arrive at Shipham, England from the US with B-24s (first mission is 7 Nov).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s bomb shipping and the dock area at Bengasi, Libya, while B-25s hit landing grounds.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 13th Troop Carrier Squadron, Army Forces in South Pacific Area, arrives at Plaines des Gaiacs, New Caledonia Island from the US with C-47s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-17s pound Rabaul and nearby Lakunai airfield on New Britain Island. In New Guinea, A-20s hit targets along the Buna-Kokoda trail and, with P-400s, strike villages in the area of Asisi and Sanananda; and the 9th Fighter Squadron moves from Darwin, Australia to Port Moresby with P-40s.

SUNDAY, 11 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Kiska Island is hit by 3 bombing and strafing missions flown by 10 B-24s and 3 B-17s; the B-17s make no contact; the B-24s blast harbor targets and Main Camp.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s attack a convoy in the Mediterranean Sea, hitting 1 vessel and claiming 1 fighter shot down.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): B-17s sight a Japanese Task Force of cruisers and destroyers bearing down on Guadalcanal Island in the afternoon; during the night of 11/12 Oct, in the Battle of Cape Esperance, Rear Admiral Norman Scott's cruisers drive away the vessels; search has been and continues to be the most useful service of the B-17s in the SOPAC.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): The 22d Troop Carrier Squadron, Air Carrier Service, Air Service Command, Fifth Air Force, moves from Essendon Airdrome to Garbutt Field, Australia with C-47s.

MONDAY, 12 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 2 B-24s abort bombing of Kiska Island due to overcast and instead fly shipping search W of Attu Island.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) The VIII Fighter Command is made responsible for the preparation and movement of air echelons of the Twelfth AF from the UK to N Africa.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): Bomber Command USAMEAF is organized at Cairo, Egypt with Colonel Patrick W Timberlake as Commanding Officer; this step comes about as part of a move to preserve the Lieutenant General Henry H "Hap" Arnold-Air Chief Marshall Sir Charles F Portal-Admiral John H Towers, USN, agreement that US combat units in theaters of British strategic responsibility are to be organized in homogeneous "American formations" and under strategic control only" of a British Commander-in-Chief.  B-17s hit shipping at Tobruk, Libya harbor.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): 5 B-17s bomb installations at Buka Island, Solomon Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s hit the village of Isivita and targets on the trail near Wairopi; B-25s bomb Buna, Wairopi bridge, and targets along the Buna-Kokoda trail. The 64th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives at Fenton Field from Iron Range, Australia with B-17s.

TUESDAY, 13 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): A search mission is not completed due to weather.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): P-40s fly a fighter sweep, patrol, and interception missions W of El Alamein, Egypt; fighters claim 2 Bf 109s destroyed and 1 damaged.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): 6 B-17s bomb Buka Island and Tonolai on Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands; Japanese aircraft from Rabaul, New Britain Island pound Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island during the day and hit troops of the Americal Division disembarking at Lunga Point; artillery also begins shelling the airstrip; during the night of 13/14 Oct the Japanese battleships Kongo and Haruna hit Henderson Field with a terrific bombardment; the field is damaged severely and many aircraft are destroyed or damaged.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-17s again pound Rabaul, New Britain Island, concentrating on Vunakanau and Lakunai Airfields. In New Guinea, a B-17 bombs Buna; and the 6th Troop Carrier Squadron, 63d Troop Carrier Group, arrives at Port Moresby from the US with C-47s. The 65th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Torrens Creek to Iron Range, Australia with B-17s.

WEDNESDAY, 14 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 9 B-24s, 6 B-26s, 1 B-17 and 12 P-38s bomb and strafe Kiska Island installations and shipping; fire bombs are dropped on hangars and the Main Camp area where a large fire is started; 2 torpedo attacks on shipping in Gertrude Cove score no hits; the P-38s destroy 3 floatplanes on water; 1 P-38 is shot down.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 322d, 323d, 324th and 401st Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Kimbolton to Bassingbourn, England with B-17s (first mission is 7 Nov).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-17s hit shipping at Tobruk, Libya, scoring 2 direct hits on a large vessel and demolishing a smaller ship moored alongside; P-40s fly patrols, reconnaissance and interception missions between El Alamein and Burg el Arab, Egypt.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): B-17s which have been temporarily operating out of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island, are evacuated; the field is again pounded by artillery and naval bombardment, and by afternoon is out of operation; and the aviation fuel supply is low.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s attack Lae, a bridge 40 miles (64 km) N of Port Moresby, and the area of the Wairopi bridge; on the Kokoda trail Japanese offer fierce resistance to Australians pushing NE in the vicinity of Templeton's Crossing; and Fifth AF aircraft begin flying a force of Australians and Americans to Wanigela.

THURSDAY, 15 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 3 B-26s bomb and 1 B-24 flies photo reconnaissance over Kiska and Attu Islands; the B-26s hit a large cargo ship in Gertrude Cove, Kiska Island, starting a fire, and hit buildings on Attu Island; AA claims 1 B-26. ASW OPERATIONS (AAF Antisubmarine Command):

HQ AAF

Antisubmarine Command is activated at New York, New York, assigned directly to HQ AAF. It takes over antisubmarine operations of the I Bomber Command, which is inactivated; most observation squadrons that have been flying ASW patrols cease and are inactivated; units assigned to the new command are: 1. 13th Bombardment Group (Medium) at Westover Field, Massachusetts with four Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), i.e.: - The 39th at Dover AAFld, Delaware with B-25s - The 40th at Mitchel Field, New York with B-18s - The 41st at Westover Field with A-29s and B-25s - The 393d at Westover Field with B-18s and B-25s 2. 45th Bombardment Group (Medium) at Miami, Florida with four Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), i.e.: - The 78th at Jacksonville Municipal Airport, Florida with B-18s - The 79th at Miami with B-18s - The 80th at Miami with B-18s - The 433d at Galveston AAFld, Texas with RM-37s The following units are attached: - 46th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 41st Bombardment Group (Medium), at MCAS Cherry Point, North Carolina with B-17s and A-29s - 76th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) (air echelon only), 42d Bombardment Group (Medium), at Drew Field, Florida with A-29s - 124th Observation Squadron, 75th Observation Group, at New Orleans AAB, Louisiana with O-47s - 128th Observation Squadron, 77th Observation Group, at New Orleans AAB with O-47s

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ 350th Fighter Group and the 345th, 346th and 347th Fighter Squadrons move from Bushey Hall to Duxford, England where they equip with P-39s and P-400s

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): The 82d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Deversoir to Landing Ground 88, Egypt with B-25s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): HQ 318th Fighter Group is activated at Hickam Field, Oahu, Territory of Hawaii; squadrons assigned, all equipped with P-40s, are the 44th and 72d Fighter Squadrons at Bellows Field and the 73d Fighter Squadron on Midway Island.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Aviation fuel arrives at Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island from Espiritu Santo Island by aircraft and ship.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s and P-40s pound forces S of Templeton's Crossing and at Popondetta; B-25s bomb Salamaua and hit targets in the Owen Stanley Range and in the area around the bridge at Wairopi. A single B-17 attacks shipping near Treasury Islands, Solomon Islands.

FRIDAY, 16 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 1 B-17, 6 B-26s, and 4 P-38s bomb Kiska Island and lowlevel bomb and sink 2 destroyers just N of there; duds hit a large freighter beached off Trout Lagoon; 1 B-26 is shot down. ASW OPERATIONS (AAF Antisubmarine Command): The air echelon of the 40th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 13th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Zandery Field, Surinam to Vernam Field, Jamaica with B-18s (squadron is based at Mitchel Field, New York).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): In Libya, B-24s bomb shipping in Bengasi harbor; B-17s and B-24s dispatched to attack Tobruk and Bengasi are forced to abort by bad weather.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Seabees on Guadalcanal Island patch up Henderson Field runways enough for use by fighters; US Marine Corps (USMC) fighters and AAF P-400s and P-39s begin pounding the invasion force landing at the Kokumbona-Doma Reef area just 8 miles (12.8 km) away; however, the enemy continues to bombard Henderson Field by air strike and artillery and to land troops.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s and B-25s hit the village of Pawaia, trails in the Kokoda area, the Buna-Kokoda trail, and villages at the mouth and along the Mambare River; and B-25s also bomb the Mubo-Salamaua trail. B-17s bomb airfield at Rabaul, New Britain Island and attack targets in the Solomon Islands, including the airfield at Buin on Bougainville Island, and shipping off Moila Point and the Shortland Islands.

SATURDAY, 17 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 5 B-24s bomb the Main Camp area on Kiska Island and a beached vessel in Trout Lagoon; the results are unobserved due to clouds; 1 B-24 flying weather reconnaissance finds no trace of 2 destroyers, confirming their sinking on 16 Oct.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): The 403d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Torrens Creek to Iron Range, Australia with B-17s.

SUNDAY, 18 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, on Kiska Island 4 B-24s bomb Main Camp, score near misses on a beached vessel in Trout Lagoon, and hit a gasoline storage area; weather aircraft flies reconnaissance over Attu, Segula, Little Sitkin, and Gareloi Islands. ASW OPERATIONS (AAF Antisubmarine Command): The following units are activated and assigned: 1. HQ 377th Bombardment Group (Heavy) at Ft Dix AAB, New Jersey with the following Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy): - 516th at Ft Dix AAB with O-47s and O-52s - 517th at Atlantic City Municipal Airport, New Jersey with O-49s - 519th at Hyannis, Massachusetts with O-47s and O-52s 2. HQ 378th Bombardment Group (Heavy) at Langley Field, Virginia with the following Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy): - 520th at Jacksonville Municipal Airport, Florida with O-47s - 521st at Charleston AAFld, South Carolina with O-46s - 522d at Palm Beach County Park, Florida with B-34s - 523d at Langley Field with B-17s 3. 518th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), AAF Antisubmarine Command, at Grenier Field, New Hampshire, with O-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): The 81st and 83d Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 12th Bombardment Group (Medium), move from Deversoir and Ismailia respectively to Landing Ground 88, Egypt with B-25s.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Admiral William F Halsey succeeds Vice Admiral Robert L Ghormley as Commander-in-Chief, South Pacific (COMSOPAC).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-17s attack shipping and aircraft in the Faisi area in the Shortland Islands, Solomon Islands, schooners and buildings at Lorengau on Manus Island, Admiralty Islands, Kahili Airfield, and shipping off Kahili, Pupukuna Point, and Buin on Bougainville Island. In New Guinea, B-25s hit Wairopi bridge in the Owen Stanley Range, the village of Mubo, and the dock and occupied area on Pilelo Island; the Fifth AF completes the air movement of most of the 128th Infantry Regiment, 32d Infantry Division, to Wanigela; and the 39th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Group, moves from Townsville, Australia to Port Moresby with P-38s.

MONDAY, 19 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Aleutian Islands, a B-17 flies weather reconnaissance and bomb runs over Attu, Semichi, Kiska, and Amchitka Islands; 6 B-24s dispatched to bomb Kiska Island abort the mission due to weather.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) HQ VIII Air Support Command moves from Membury to Sunninghill Park, Berkshire, England.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): The air offensive preliminary to the British Eighth Army ground attack W of El Alamein, Egypt begins as B-25s hit a landing ground and B-24s score a direct hit on vessel at Tobruk, Libya.

TUESDAY, 20 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s take off for Kiska Island but return due to weather; reconnaissance is flown to 70 miles (113 km) E of Attu Island; a negative search is made for a missing C-53. The detachment of the 56th Fighter Squadron, 54th Fighter Group, moves from Nome to Elmendorf Field, Alaska with P-39s (the squadron is based at Harding Field, Louisiana). 

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) Lieutenant General Dwight D Eisenhower issues a directive reflecting the immediate urgency of Operation TORCH (plan for the Allied landings in N and NW Africa in Nov 42) as the currently important item of Allied strategy and requiring the Eighth AF, as a matter of first priority, to protect the movement of men and supplies from the UK to N Africa by attacking German submarine bases on the W coast of France, with shipping docks on the French W coast as a secondary targets for these missions and with German aircraft factories and depots in France as second priority.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): Air action is intensified with the aim of attaining strong air superiority preceding General Bernard L Montgomery's El Alamein, Egypt offensive; in Libya, B-17s and B-24s sent to attack shipping at Tobruk fail to locate the target due to bad weather and poor visibility; 3 of the B-17s bomb a coastal road near Bardia during the return trip; B-25s, in conjunction with the Royal Air Force (RAF), attack landing grounds.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): The 19th Fighter Squadron, 18th Fighter Group, moves from Kualoa Field to Bellows Field, Hawaii with P-40s.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Admiral William F Halsey sends the Army's 147th Infantry Regiment to Guadalcanal Island and also institutes construction of another bomber strip to be located at Koli Point, 12 miles (19 km) SE of Henderson Field.

WEDNESDAY, 21 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Weather reconnaissance aircraft returns twice due to fog.

HQ AAF

: The 2d Sea-Search Attack Squadron (Medium), 1st Sea-Search Attack Group (Medium), ceases operating from Edinburgh Field, Trinidad with B-18s and returns to base at Langley Field, Virginia. to base

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force):

(INDIA AIR TASK FORCE): B-24s of the IATF stage through Chengtu, China to bomb Lin-hsi, China coal mines; the plan is to blast nearby power stations and pumping facilities and flood the mines; the attack fails to flood the mines but inflicts considerable damage to the target area; this marks the first use of heavy bombers in China and the first AAF strike N of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) Mission 15: 107 bombers are dispatched to hit submarine bases and an airfield in France; 3 bombers are lost: 1. 66 B-7s and 24 B-24s are dispatched to hit the U-boat pens at Lorient/ Keroman; clouds prevent all but 15 B-17s from bombing from 17,500 feet (5,334 m), 5,000 to 10,000 feet (1,524 to 3,048 m) lower than usual; 36 Fw 190s intercept and shoot down 3 B-17s. 2. 8 of 17 B-17s hit Cherbourg Airfield; they claim 10-4-3 aircraft without loss.

(Twelfth Air Force:) HQ 52d Fighter Group, the 154th Observation Squadron and the 438th and 440th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 319th Bombardment Group (Medium), depart England for the N African invasion. The detachment of the 16th and 122d Observation Squadrons, 68th Observation Group, cease operating from Wattisham, England.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s dispatched against shipping at Bengasi, Libya fail to locate target because of bad weather; during the return flight, several B-24s bomb tent areas along the coast and also hit landing grounds; B-25s, cooperating with the RAF, bomb landing ground and tent area.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-25s hit Luscan Harbor on the S coast of New Britain Island.

THURSDAY, 22 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Weather reconnaissance aircraft reports a submarine at 52-08N 177-21 W; a US Navy (US) aircraft later makes contact and drops depth bomb; the result is unknown.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) The 330th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 93d Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at Alconbury, England with B-24s, begins operating from Holmsley, England.

(Twelfth Air Force:) HQ Twelfth AF, the 307th Fighter Squadron, 31st Fighter Group, and the 437th and 439th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 319th Bombardment Group (Medium), begin the move from the UK to N Africa.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): Advance US Air HQ, previously attached to the RAF Advanced Air HQ, Western Desert, to gain field experience, becomes HQ of Desert Air Task Force (DATF), located at Burg el Arab, Egypt, with Lieutenant General Lewis H Brereton as Commanding General and Major General Elmer E Adler attached with advance HQ of Air Service Command; the Chief of Staff of the DATF is Brigadier General Auby C Strickland. B-25s bomb dispersed aircraft. In Egypt, P-40s escort bombers, attack tent areas and motor transport along the coastal road near El Hammam, fly reconnaissance and fighter sweeps W of El Daba, and bomb artillery positions; P-40s claim 2 fighters destroyed. B-17s sent to hit Candia, Crete abort because of weather.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Henderson Field on Guadalcanal Island is out of operation again as result of enemy action.

FRIDAY, 23 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Armed reconnaissance by 7 bombers, escorted by 6 P-38s, is flown over Kiska Island installations, chiefly the submarine base and Main Camp; visibility is excellent and direct hits are scored, including 1 on the submarine base. A detachment of the 56th Fighter Squadron, 54th Fighter Group, based at Harding Field, Louisiana, begins operating from Elmendorf Field, Anchorage with P-39s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 27th and 71st Fighter Squadrons, 1st Fighter Group, and 308th and 309th Fighter Squadrons, 31st Fighter Group, begin the move from the UK to N Africa.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-17s and B-24s sent to attack Candia, Crete and Bengasi, Libya turn back short of the target due to bad weather. The El Alamein, Egypt offensive by the British Eighth Army begins at 2140 hours local with an artillery barrage by 1,000+ guns aimed at enemy batteries; at 2200 hours, the barrage switches to the enemy forward positions as British troops move forward; heavy fighting continues during the night of 23/24 Oct.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island, is again made operational by the Seabees, and USMC and AAF fighters begin to inflict heavy losses on Japanese naval aircraft; Japanese ground forces assault defensive lines around the airfields but are thrown back.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): A-20s bomb and strafe Deniki and Deniki-Kokoda trail in New Guinea. B-17s thoroughly pound shipping at Rabaul on New Britain Island. HQ 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), which has been fighting since 8 Dec 41, begins a movement from Mareeba, Australia to the US.

SATURDAY, 24 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 3 B-17s hit the Kiska Island submarine base; results are not observed; and a weather reconnaissance flight is made over Attu Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force):

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): The 11th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), based at Kunming with B-25s, sends a detachment to operate from Nanning.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 94th Fighter Squadron, 1st Fighter Group, begins the move from the UK to N Africa.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): In Egypt, B-25s support the British Eighth Army Offensive W of El Alamein between the Mediterranean Sea and the Qattara Depression as 30 Corps, with 4 divisions in assault, secures 2 corridors through enemy minefields on the British N flank, while 13 Corps on the S flank breaks through minefields N of Himeimat and establishes a small bridgehead; the B-25s hit troop concentrations, tent areas, gun emplacements, and vehicles; P-40s, working with the RAF and South African Air Force (SAAF), escort medium and light bombers and hit motor transports and tanks.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): USMC and AAF fighters at Henderson Field, Guadalcanal Island, continue to inflict damaging losses upon the Japanese naval air force; Japanese ground forces, attacking aggressively, are again repulsed by defenses around Henderson area.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s hit Lae Airfield; and organized Japanese resistance on Goodenough Island ceases.

SUNDAY, 25 OCTOBER 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force):

CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): 12 B-25s and 7 P-40s, led by Colonel Merian C Cooper, hit Kowloon Docks at Hong Kong; 21 aircraft intercept; 1 B-25 and 1 P-40 are shot down; this marks the first loss of a CATF B-25 in combat; the Japanese interceptors are virtually annihilated; during the night of 25/26 Oct 6 B-25s, on the first CATF night strike, continue pounding Hong Kong, bombing the North Point power plant which provides electricity for the shipyards; 3 other B-25s bomb the secondary target, the Canton warehouse area, causing several large explosions and fires. (INDIA AIR TASK FORCE): In India, Japanese aircraft attack airfields connected with the the India-China air transport route, heavily bombing Dinjan and Chabua fields and scoring hits also at Mohanbari and Sookerating; 10 US aircraft are destroyed and 17 badly damaged; 9 Japanese aircraft are downed. The 492d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrives at Karchi, India from the US with B-24s; and the 493d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) is activated at Karachi and assigned to the 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy) (the 492d and 493d will fly their first mission on 24 and 26 Jan 43 respectively).

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): The Battle of El Alamein continues as General Bernard L Montgomery decides to make the main effort on the N flank of 30 Corps; the Australian 9 Division drives N toward the coastal road to Rahman; B-25s disperse motor transport and other targets in support of ground forces; P-40s on escort attack vehicles and other targets; fighters claim several airplanes destroyed in combat; and B-24s sent to bomb the harbor at Bengasi, Libya and a convoy at sea fail to reach targets as bad weather prevails.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): On Guadalcanal Island, Japanese ground assaults on the defensive lines around Henderson Field are again thrown back; USMC and AAF fighters continue to inflict telling losses on Japanese Navy aircraft. During the afternoon, a B-17 on sea-search mission sights a powerful Japanese Task Force NW of Santa Cruz Island, Solomon Islands, heading for Guadalcanal Island. A detachment of the 33d Troop Carrier Squadron, 315th Troop Carrier Group, which is enroute from the US to Australia, begins operating from New Caledonia Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): 13 B-17s bomb shipping at Rabaul, New Britain Island. In New Guinea, A-20s bomb and strafe the Isurava- Kokoda trail, the W bank of the Kumusi River, and the area N of Asisi as Australian ground forces push toward Kokoda in the Owen Stanley Range; and HQ 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 405th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) move from Townsville, Australia to Port Moresby with B-25s. The 93d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 19th Bombardment Group (Heavy), begins a movement from Mareeba, Australia to the US.

MONDAY, 26 OCTOBER 1942

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Tenth Air Force): CHINA AIR TASK FORCE (CATF): CATF B-25s move to W China to carry out the neutralization of Lashio, Burma, where the Japanese have aircraft they are using against the Dinjan, India area; P-40's continue to hit the Hong Kong-Canton area, using dive-bombing tactics for first time in the area. (INDIA AIR TASK FORCE): In India, the Japanese again bit airfields in Assam connected with the India-China transport route, concentrating on Sookerating; a freight depot, containing food and medical supplies for China, is destroyed but no US aircraft are lost; due to a lack of warning, no fighters intercept the attacking force. 

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force:) HQ XII Fighter Command begins the move from the UK to N Africa; and HQ 3d Photographic Group moves from Membury to Steeple Morden, England.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): The momentum of the British drive decreases in the El Alamein, Egypt battle; 30 Corps takes Kidney Ridge, and General Bernard L Montgomery decides to regroup for a break-out assault; Allied aircraft continue strong support to ground forces and disperse enemy concentrations preparing for an attack; B-25s hit transport, troop concentrations, and tanks; P-40s fly sweeps over the El Daba area, Egypt and attack motor transport and other targets; enemy air action increases and considerable aerial combat ensues; US fighters claim 4 airplanes shot down. 30+ B-17s and B-24s attack shipping off the coast of Libya.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): Carrier aircraft from the aircraft carriers USS Hornet (CV-8) and USS Enterprise (CV-6) fight a fierce air action with a Japanese Task Force in the Battle of Santa Cruz Island; B-17s also attack the task force but report no hits; with 3 of his carriers hit and almost 100 airplanes lost, Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo retires toward Truk Island in the Caroline Islands; the USS Hornet is severely damaged and is sunk the following day by Japanese aircraft and US destroyers with bombs and torpedos.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, B-25s hit Salamaua and the airfield at Lae; A-20's, escorted by P-40s, bomb and strafe trails in the Missima-Kaile-Deniki area.

TUESDAY, 27 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s flying an attack on the Kiska Island submarine base turn back due to weather; a weather aircraft flies reconnaissance over Gareloi, Segula, Kiska, and Attu Islands, Aleutian Islands.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 5th and 16th Fighter Squadrons, 52d Fighter Group, begin the move from the UK to N Africa. The 15th Photographic Mapping Squadron, 3d Photographic Group, moves from Membury to Steeple Morden, England with B-17s and F-4s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-25s, with fighter escorts, bomb Matruh, Egypt and attack motor transports, tanks, and other ground targets; enemy reinforcements brought up from the S, counterattack Kidney Ridge and are repulsed; the British Eighth Army continues regrouping for an assault.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s hit trails in SE Papua around Alola, Isurava, and Abuari; P-39s escort Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Hudsons in strike against small craft at Ferguson Island in the D'Entrecasteaux Islands.

WEDNESDAY, 28 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 6 B-24s turn back from an attempted attack on the Kiska Island submarine base because of adverse weather; a B-17 bombs Attu Island with unobserved results and flies weather reconnaissance over Kiska, Amchitka, and Tanaga Islands, Aleutian Islands. ASW OPERATIONS (AAF Antisubmarine Command): The 20th, 49th and 96th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 2d Bombardment Group (Heavy), cease flying ASW patrols from Langley Field, Virginia.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) The last 2 squadrons of the 14th Fighter Group, the 48th and 49th Fighter Squadrons, leave the UK for N Africa; this completes the transfer of VIII Fighter Command's fighting units to the XII Fighter Command and leaves the VIII Fighter Command with only the 4th Fighter Group operational. 

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-17s, dispatched to attack a convoy at sea, fail to locate the target but attack cruisers in Pylos Bay, Greece; B-25s attack tanks, motor transports, and landing grounds; P-40s fly medium and light bomber escort, bomb and strafe landing grounds and other targets, and engage aircraft in combat, mostly in the area between El Alamein and El Daba, Egypt; fighters claim 3 Bf 109s destroyed; attacks by US and RAF aircraft cause the enemy to abandon a plan for a counterattack on Kidney Ridge.

SOUTH PACIFIC AREA

(SOPAC, Joint Chiefs of Staff): The 68th Fighter Squadron, 347th Fighter Group, begins moving from Tongatabu Island to New Caledonia Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-17s pound shipping in the harbor at Rabaul, New Britain Island, while B-25s bomb the airfield on Gasmata Island off the S coast of New Britain Island.

THURSDAY, 29 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): The Japanese reoccupy Attu Island; a special reconnaissance flown with Lieutenant General Simon B Buckner, covers Tanaga, Amchitka, and Kiska Islands. ASW OPERATIONS (AAF Antisubmarine Command): HQ 304th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 361st, 362d, 363d and 421st Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Ephratra AAB, Washington to Langley Field, Virginia with B-17s, B-18s, DB-7s, A-20s, and OA-12s and are assigned to the AAF Antisubmarine Command. US: A 1943 production objective of 107,000 aircraft is given top priority by President Franklin D Roosevelt in his instructions to Donald M Nelson, Chairman of the War Production Board.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force:) The 2d and 4th Fighter Squadrons, 52d Fighter Group, and the 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Twelfth AF (attached to 3d Photographic Group) begin the move from the UK to N Africa.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-24s and B-17s strike Maleme Airfield, Crete. In Egypt, B-25s bomb landing grounds, motor transports, and tanks; P-40s fly escort, then bomb and strafe road E of El Daba, and attack troop concentration and vehicles; in view of the strong German reinforcements on his N flank near the coast, General Bernard L Montgomery alters the breakout plan; instead of pushing W along coast, he decides to shift the point of advance S in order to attack against Italian troops.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): A-20s hit the Isurava-Deniki and Abuari-Kaile trails, New Guinea; B-17s attack shipping in Bougainville Strait between Buin, Bougainville Island and Faisi Island, Shortland Islands. The 71st Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 38th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Townsville, Australia to Port Moresby with B-25s.

FRIDAY, 30 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 1 B-24 twice flies reconnaissance over Kiska and Agattu Islands; there are no bombing mission as all bombers are on alert for possible naval targets.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): In Crete, B-24s bomb Maleme Airfield and 1 B-24 bombs the main jetty in Suda Bay. In Egypt, B-25s attack landing grounds at Fuka-Bagush and El Daba; P-40s fly escort; the British Eighth Army sends 9 Australian Division N to the sea and then E, trapping a large force in a pocket, as Allied aircraft provide excellent support; enemy tanks breaking through from the W, however, enable most of the surrounded force to escape.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): B-17s bomb harbor and shipping at Buin, Bougainville Island.

SATURDAY, 31 OCTOBER 1942

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Weather and reconnaissance flight over Attu and Kiska Islands; over Kiska Island, the weather aircraft draws AA fire from Little Kiska Island; no other missions as all combat aircraft are alerted for a possible naval target.

CARIBBEAN

(Sixth Air Force): HQ 9th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 1st and 5th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Trinidad and St Lucia Island, Windward Islands and British Guiana to the US.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force:) Major General Spaatz, Commanding General Eighth AF, informs Lieutenant General Henry H "Hap" Arnold, Commanding General AAF, that operations against submarine pens may prove too costly for results obtained; believing the pens impervious to normal high-altitude bombing, Spaatz plans to operate as low as 4,000 feet (1,219 m) and accept higher casualty rates.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

(USAMEAF): B-25s hit a landing ground; they claim 1 fighter shot down while P-40s flying escort claim 3; B-24s sent to bomb the Maleme dispersal area on Crete fail to locate the target because of overcast. HQ 376th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 512th, 513th, 514th and 515th Bombardment Squadrons are activated at Lydda, Palestine with B-24s replacing the 1st Provisional Group; the 376th is intended to become part of an Anglo-American air force to be sent to the Caucasus area to aid the USSR, but the plan falls through and the 376th remains in the Middle East.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Fifth Air Force): In New Guinea, A-20s bomb and strafe Nauro and the area to N; B-25s strafe supply trucks SE of Gona. B-17s bomb shipping at Rabaul, New Britain Island, and in Buin, Bougainville-Faisi Island-Tonolai, Bougainville Island area.