Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces

October 1944

AIRCRAFT MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT: A-20, Douglas Havoc B-17, Boeing Flying Fortress B-24, Consolidated Liberator B-25, North American Mitchell B-26, Martin Marauder B-29, Boeing Superfortress C-47, Douglas Skytrain UC-64, Noorduyn Norseman UC-78, Cessna Bobcat F-5, Lockheed Lightning F-6, North American Mustang F-7, Consolidated Liberator L-1, Stinson Vigilant L-4, Piper Cub/Grasshopper L-5, Stinson Sentinel Mosquito, deHavilland P-38, Lockheed Lightning P-40, Curtiss P-47, Republic Thunderbolt P-51, North American Mustang P-61, Northrop Black Widow NOTE: A number in parenthesis after a target name indicates the number of bombers attacking.

SUNDAY, 1 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 34 P-47s bomb Thetkegyin while 20 others hit railroad targets throughout the N Burma railroad corridor and troop concentrations at Ponlon; 4 P-47s bomb Shwegugale while 6 others hit Lungling, China and sweep the Burma Road in the area. The 9th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Kurimitola to Pandaveswar, India with B-24s. During Oct 44, the 24th Combat Mapping Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, based at Guskhara, India, sends an element to operate from Hsinching, China with F-7s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 18 B-25s bomb Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields in Canton, the town of Wuchou, and targets of opportunity in the Samshui and Canton areas; 100+ P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance throughout areas S of the Yangtze River hit a variety of targets of opportunity, concentrating on communications targets and troops in the Mangshih and Hsinganhsien areas.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

(IX Troop Carrier Command): In France, HQ 50th Troop Carrier Wing moves from Exeter, England to Le Mans; the 99th and 301st Troop Carrier Squadrons, 441st Troop Carrier Group, move from Villeneuve/Vertus to St Marceau with C-47s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 657: 9 of 10 B-17s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Belgium during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): In France, HQ XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) locates advance HQ at Arlon; weather prevents bomber operations; a few fighters fly armed reconnaissance over E France and wide areas of W Germany and patrol the battle areas; night patrols are flown over E France and Luxembourg; HQ 36th Fighter Group moves from Athis to Juvincourt; HQ 371st Fighter Group and the 406th Fighter Squadron move from Perthes to Dole/Tavaux with P-47s; the 553d Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 386th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Great Dunmow, England to Beaumont-sur-Oise with B-26s; the 573d, 574th and 575th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 391st Bombardment Group (Medium), move from Matching, England to Roye/Amy with B-26s. In Belgium, HQ 84th Fighter Wing moves from Vermand, France to Arlon; HQ 404th Fighter Group and the 506th, 507th and 508th Fighter Squadrons move from Juvincourt, France to St-Trond with P-47s; HQ 474th Fighter Group moves from Peronne, France to Florennes; the 125th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached to Ninth Army), moves from Rennes, France to Arlon with L-5s. In Luxembourg, HQ 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group moves from Le Mans, France to Luxembourg City. In Belgium, during Oct 44, HQ IX Fighter Command moves from Charleroi to Verviers.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):HQ 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Group and the 15th, 23d and 32d Photographic Reconnaissance Squadrons are assigned to HQ Fifteenth AF, completing the full establishment of 21 heavy bomber groups, 7 fighter groups, and 1 reconnaissance group, as authorized in the War Department directive of 23 Oct 43. Weather permits only photo and weather reconnaissance missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, B-25s and B-26s attack bridges, fuel dumps, factory, and barracks in C and W Po Valley, including 3 attacks on Piacenza while XII Fighter Command's A-20s hit a fuel dump and bivouacs and fighter-bombers blast guns and communications in the mountainous battle areas between Florence and Bologna; the 416th Night Fighter Squadron, 62d Fighter Wing, moves from Rosignano to Pisa with Mosquitos.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island, Mariana Islands, strike the airfield on Iwo Jima Island, Volcano Islands. In the Gilbert Islands, B-25s from Makin Island bomb Nauru Island while B-24s, staging through Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, hit Truk Atoll, Caroline Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): On Celebes Island, B-24s bomb Langoan while B-25s hit Lembeh Island, Menado, and Bolaang-oeki port. B-24s bomb Taka in the Moluccas Islands while P-38s hit Amahai, Ceram Island, Kairatoe, Celebes Island, and shipping off Amboina, Ambon Island. B-25s and P-38s on shipping sweeps off Halmahera Island destroy several barges and luggers. In New Guinea, A-20s and P-38s attack Urarom Airfield and Fak Fak supply dumps, while P-40s hit Doom Island and targets of opportunity in Windissi, Idorra, and MacCluer Gulf; P-47s and A-20s hit Doeroa, Langgoer, and Faan Airfields; the 63d and 70th Troop Carrier Squadrons, 403d Troop Carrier Group, move from Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands and Hollandia respectively, to Biak Island with C-47s. The 82d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from Biak Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island, Moluccas Islands with P-40s and F-6s.

MONDAY, 2 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, photo reconnaissance missions, by 4 B-25s to Paramushiru Island and by 2 B-24s to Onnekotan Island, abort due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 49 P-47s pound several towns and bridges in the Bhamo area and destroy buildings in Shwekyina, Kaungsin, Maingka, Kyungyi, Singan, and Kabani; 20+ P-47s hit N Burma railroad targets and troops at Man He and Manla; 7 P-47s bomb Kutkai while 8 sweep the Lungling, China-Loiwing, Burma area, destroying a warehouse at Selan; 8 B-25s slightly damage road bridges N of Lashio; 4 others bomb and damage Nambkai road bridges and their vicinity; troop carrier aircraft fly 260+ sorties, delivering men and supplies to various points in the CBI. The detachments of the 1st and 3d Combat Cargo Squadrons, 1st Combat Cargo Group, operating from Yunnani, China with C-47s return to base at Sylhet, India.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 11 B-25s attack the town of Pingnam while 16 bomb Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields in Canton and the town of Samshui; 70+ P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance over S China attack various targets of opportunity, chiefly river traffic and troop areas around Chuanhsien, Taochuan, Takbing, Wuchou, Dosing, and the Wenchow peninsula, and attack shipping in the Campba Port-Hongay area of French Indochina.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

(IX Troop Carrier Command): In France, HQ 441st Troop Carrier Group and the 100th and 302d Troop Carrier Squadrons move from Villeneuve/Vetrus to St Marceau with C-47s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 4 missions are flown: Mission 658: 887 B-17s and 549 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on industrial targets at Cologne and Kassel, Germany; 2 B-17s are lost: 1. 305 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Bettenhausen ordnance depot at Kassel (129); targets of opportunity are Kassel (143), Fritzlar Airfield (12) and other (1); 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 89 damaged; 5 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 228 P-47s and P-51s without loss. 2. 458 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Henschel motor vehicle plant at Kassel (384); targets of opportunity are Wiesbaden (31), Gesecke (9) and other (17); 2 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 144 damaged; 16 airmen are KIA, 1 WIA and 20 MIA. Escort is provided by 219 P-47s and P-51s without loss. 3. 110 of 124 B-17s hit the Ford motor vehicle plant at Cologne; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 36 damaged. Escort is provided by 53 P-47s and P-51s without loss. Mission 659: 308 B-24s are dispatched to make a PFF attack on the marshalling yard at Hamm (266); targets of opportunity are Handorf Airfield (29) and Munster (1); 2 B-24s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 144 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 212 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA), 2 damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged; 1 pilot is KIA. Mission 660: 2 B-17s, escorted by 15 P-51s, drop leaflets on Dutch islands during the day. Mission 661: 5 B-24s and 3 B-17s drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) goes into operation along with the US Ninth Army (this new Tactical Air Command is formed from elements of the IX and XIX Tactical Air Commands); in Germany, the 9th Bombardment Division strikes the industrial area of Ubach and defended positions at Herbach; fighters fly armed reconnaissance (and later night patrol) over Belgium, E France, and W Germany and support the US First, Third, and Seventh Armies in E France and W Germany. In Belgium, HQ IX Tactical Air Command moves advanced HQ from Janoulx to to Verviers maintaining the close association with the US First Army; HQ 368th Fighter Group and the 395th, 396th and 397th Fighter Squadrons move from Laon, France to Chievres with P-47s; the 428th, 429th and 430th Fighter Squadrons, 474th Fighter Group, move from Peronne, France to Florennes. In France, HQ 386th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 552d, 554th and 555th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Great Dunmow, England to Beaumont-sur-Oise with B-26s. In Luxembourg, the 161st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from Montrevil, France to Sandwieler with F-6s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Unfavorable weather again cancels bombing missions and limits operations to weather reconnaissance. The 885th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), Fifteenth AF (attached to Mediterranean Allied Air Forces), begins a movement from Maison Blanche, Algeria to Brindisi, Italy with B-24s (the squadron transports supplies to partisans and drops leaflets in the MTO).

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather grounds medium bombers and restricts fighters to reconnaissance and patrols; during the night of 1/2 Oct A-20s bomb targets of opportunity in the Po Valley; HQ 27th Fighter Group and the 522d, 523d and 524th Fighter Squadrons move from Loyettes, France to Tarquinia with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): Saipan Island-based B-24s hit Marcus Island in the North Pacific and shipping W of Chichi Jima Island, Bonin Islands.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-25s pound Laha Airfield on Ambon Island while B-24s hit Haroekoe Island; P-38s cover the Laha raid, attack shipping in Seri and Amboina Bays and hit Amahai on Ceram Island and Kairatoe Airfield on Celebes Island. Off Halmahera Island B-25s fly a barge sweep, bomb Laboehan, and attack the coastal villages on Weda and Boeli Bays. In New Guinea, P-40s attack vessels off Tamoelol village and Misool Island and bomb Otawiri and Ransiki Airfields; the 64th Troop Carrier Squadron, 403d Troop Carrier Group, based on Biak Island begins operating from Wakde Island with C-47s.

TUESDAY, 3 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, 2 B-24s flying offshore reconnaissance over Onnekotan, Harumukotan, and Shasukotan Islands also strafe several small vessels.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): Troop carriers fly 240+ sorties, delivering men and supplies to various points in the CBI. In Burma, the 5th Liaison Squadron, Tenth Air Force [attached to 1st Liaison Group (Provisional)], moves from Shaduzup to Myitkyina with L-1s and L-5s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 23 B-25s attack Pingnam, trucks and rivercraft in the Wuchou, Samshui, and Canton areas, and bomb Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields in Canton; 100 P-51s and P-40s continue armed reconnaissance over wide expanses of China S of the Yangtze River, attacking rivercraft, road traffic, troops, town areas, and other targets of opportunity; the Hsinganhsien, Pingnam, and Chuanhsien areas are covered exceptionally well.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown: Mission 662: 1,065 bombers and 753 fighters make PFF and visual attacks against airfields and industrial targets in Geramny; 3 bombers and 4 fighters are lost: 1. 380 B-17s are dispatched to hit Giebelstadt Airfield (49); targets of opportunity are Nurnberg (256), Ludwigshafen (13), Ulm (11) and others (24); 130 B-17s are damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 260 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA0 and 1 is damaged beyond repair. 2. 228 B-17s are dispatched to hit motor vehicle facotry at Nurnberg (198); 10 others hit Ottingen Airfield; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 63 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 28 MIA. Escort is proivded by 227 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. 3. 119 B-17s are dispatched to hit the oil refinery at Wesseling (87); targets of opportunity are Cogogne (26) and 1 other; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 51 damaged. Escort5 is provided by 24 of 24 P-47s. 4. 338 B-24s are dispatched to hit Gaggenau (139) and Lachen/Speyerdorf (111) visually; secondary targets hit are Offenburg marshalling yard (19) and Pforzheim Airfield (19); targets of opportunity are Speyer Airfield (30) and Lachen (2); 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 38 damaged; 2 airmen are WIA. Escort is provided by 188 P-38s and P-47s. Mission 663: 6 B-24s and 4 B-17s drop leaflets in France, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): 220+ B-26s and A-20s sent to bomb targets at Durena and Aldenhoven, Germany, and Arnhem, the Netherlands are recalled because of weather; fighters fly armed reconnaissance over W Germany, hit railroads W of the Rhine River, and support the US Third Army in the Metz, France area. The IX Air Defense Command continues night patrols. In Belgium, HQ 70th Fighter Wing moves from Marchais, France to Liege; HQ 303d Fighter Wing moves from Vermand, France to Arlon. In France, HQ 98th Combat Bombardment Wing (Medium) moves from Chartres to Laon/Athies; the 23d Fighter Squadron, 36th Fighter Group, moves from Athis to Juvincourt with P-47s; and the 405th Fighter Squadron, 371st Fighter Group, moves from Perthes to Dole/Tavaux with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

"A" Flight of the 121st Liaison Squadron, AAF, MTO, moves from Lyons to Vittel, France with L-4s and L-5s (squadron is based at Pomigliano, Italy).

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):For the eighth consecutive day bad weather prevents bombing operations.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers continue to pound road and rail bridges and fuel dumps in the Po Valley; A-20s, fighter-bombers, and fighters of the XII Fighter Command hit fuel dumps, rail lines, and transportation in the Valley and support US Fifth Army forces in the battle areas in the N Apennines S and SW of Bologna and N of the Arno River Valley; the 4th Troop Carrier Squadron, 62d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Galera Airfield to Malignano Airfield with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island hit shipping in the Bonin Islands while P-47s pound gun positions, buildings, and a wharf on Pagan Island, Mariana Islands. B-24s on special reconnaissance missions bomb the airfield on Iwo Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): For the second time B-24s bomb oil refineries in the Balikpapan, Borneo area, B-25s hit shipping and bomb Sanana on Sanana Island, Moluccas Islands; on Halmahera Island, B-25s smash Kaoe runway and bomb Galela; B-25s and B-24s over Ceram Island- Ambon Island hit barge and coastal targets of opportunity and pound Taka Airfield in the Moluccas Islands, while fighter-bombers attack Halong seaplane base on Celebes Island and Namlea Airfield on Buru Island and Haroekoe Airfields on Haroekoe Island. On the Vogelkop Peninsula in New Guinea, fighter-bombers again hit Fak Fak and Otawiri.

WEDNESDAY, 4 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, a B-24 weatheraborts a photo run off Matsuwa Island; 4 B-25s bomb a freighter and a barge off Shimushu Island; 15-17 fighters intercept and the B-25s score 1 victory.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 8 P-47s damage approaches to a bridge between Myitkyina and Bhamo; 16 P-47s hit the town of Palwesho; 4 others hit small towns S of Bhamo, including Man The and Hantet.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 5 B-25s hit Hsinantien and areas N of Chefang; 80+ P-40s and P-51s continue to attack targets of opportunity during armed reconnaissance over areas of China S of the Yangtze River; 20+ fighter-bombers hit buildings, troops, and river shipping in the Paoching area.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

(IX Troop Carrier Command): The 306th Troop Carrier Squadron, 442d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Weston Zoyland, England to Peray, France with C-47s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 664: 5 B-24s and 4 B-17s drop leaflets in the Low Countries, France and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Bombers drop leaflets in the Metz and Saint-Die, France and Saarburg, Germany areas; fighters support the US First and Third Armies in W Germany and E France, escort B-26s, and fly armed reconnaissance in forward areas, attacking rail and military targets. In Belgium, HQ 365th Fighter Group and the 386th, 387th and 388th Fighter Squadrons move from Juvincourt, France to Chievres with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):327 B-17s and B-24s, with fighter escort, bomb the Munich W, Germany marshalling yard. In Italy, around 400 other heavy bombers, attack the rail line in the Trento-Mezzaselva area covering 50+ miles (80+ km) of the Brenner route, Aviano Airfield, Avisio viaduct, and railroad and road bridges at Pinzano al Tagliamento, Pordenone, Latisana, Casarsa della Delizia, Mezzocorona, Ora, and San Dona di Piave. In Greece, 39 P-51s strafe Tatoi, Kalamaki, and Eleusis Airfields. Other P-51s escort Mediterranean Allied Tactical Air Force (MATAF) C-47s and fly reconnaissance.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather restricts medium bombers to attacks on 2 bridges at Bistagno and Villafranca d'Asti; fighter- bombers closely support ground forces fighting in the Loiano-Quinzanod'Oglio- Sassoleone areas, and hit communications N of the battle areas; HQ 47th Bombardment Group (Light) and the 84th, 85th and 86th Bombardment Squadrons (Light) move from Follonica to Rosignano Airfield with A-20s; HQ 79th Fighter Group and the 86th and 87th Fighter Squadrons move from Southern France to Iesi with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island attack shipping W of Iwo Jima Island and bomb airfields, the radio station, buildings, and area targets on Marcus, Pagan, and Iwo Jima Islands. P-47s hit gun positions, beach defenses, buildings, and the wharf area on Pagan Island. B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb the airfield on Moen Island, Truk Atoll.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): On Celebes Island, B-25s bomb Sidate and Bolaang-oeki. On Halmahera Island, P-40s and B-25s attack Galela and Kaoe Airfields. B-25s and A-20s on a shipping sweep bomb town and port area of Amboina on Ambon Island, hit a wharf at Halong on Celebes Island, and attack shipping and shore targets of opportunity at various points. In New Guinea, HQ 403d Troop Carrier Group moves from Los Negros Island, Admiralty Islands to Biak Island; the 13th Troop Carrier Squadron, 403d Troop Carrier Group, based on Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides Islands, ceases operating from Los Negros Island and begins operating from Wakde Island with C-47s; the 63d Troop Carrier Squadron, 403d Troop Carrier Group, based on Biak Island, begins operating from Wakde Island with C-47s. In the Moluccas Islands, the 35th Fighter Squadron, 8th Fighter Group, moves from Owi, Schouten Islands to Morotai Island with P-38s.

THURSDAY, 5 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): At dawn on Paramushiru Island, 2 B-24s bomb Kashiwabara and Kurabu Cape.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 11 P-47s hit Mawlu and attack locomotives and targets of opportunity in the Naha area; 8 B-25s attack bridges at Namhkai, damaging the main bridge. Troop carriers fly 250+ sorties to various locations in the CBI. The 493d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Tezgaon to Pandaveswar, India with B-24s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 12 B-25s and 22 fighter-bombers attack Samshui, Koyiu and Takhing; 8 hit targets of opportunity in the Canton-Wuchou area, and 3 bomb a storage area at Mangshih; 50+ P-40s and P-51s over wide areas of S China attack rivercraft, road traffic, bridges, town areas, and troops.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

(IX Troop Carrier Command): HQ 442d Troop Carrier Group and the 303d and 304th Troop Carrier Squadrons move from Weston Zoyland, England to Bonnetable and Peray, France respectfully, with C-47s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): General Order 507 implements the decision of 15 Sep to assign staff officers of HQ VIII Fighter Command to HQ Eighth AF to represent units in administrative functions, thus eliminating the administrative and operational control from HQ VIII Fighter Command and placing it under HQ Eighth AF; this is necessitated by the transfer of fighter groups to Bombardment Divisions. 2 missions are flown: Mission 665: 1,090 bombers and 733 fighters are dispatched to hit industrial targets, airfields and railways in W Germany; 9 bombers and 5 fighters are lost: 1. 348 B-17s dispatched hit targets of opportunity at Cologne (248), Brechten (27), Dortmund (14) and Coblenz (11) using GH and H2X; 3 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 156 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 16 MIA. Escort is provided by 181 of 193 P-51s; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA). 2. 360 B-24s are dispatched to hit Lippstadt Airfield (175), Rheine marshalling yard (107) and Paderborn Airfield (28) visually; targets of opportunity hit are Herford marshalling yard (8) and Lipperode Airfield (2); 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 7 damaged. Escort is provided by 260 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and 15-0-7 on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 3 P-47s and 1 P-51 damaged. 3. 382 B-17s are dispatched to hit Munster/Loddenheide Airfield (235) and Munster/Handorf Airfield (68) using PFF means; targets of opportunity hit are the Rheine marshalling yard (10) and other (2); 6 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 190 damaged; 6 airmen are WIA and 55 MIA. Escort is provided by 234 P-47s and P-51s without loss. Mission 666: 8 of 10 bombers drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): 330+ B-26s and A-20s dispatched against targets in Arnhem, the Netherlands and Aldenhoven and Duren, Germany are recalled; fighters hit pillboxes along the Westwall, support ground forces of the XV Corps in France, fly armed reconnaissance in the Prum, Bonn, Koblenz, Trier and Landau, Germany areas, hit targets along the Rhine-Marne Canal, and during the night of 5/6 Oct fly patrol in Belgium, E France, and W Germany. In Belgium, the 493d Fighter Squadron, 48th Fighter Group, moves from Cambrai/Niergnies, France to St Trond with P-47s. In France, the 22d Fighter Squadron, 36th Fighter Group, moves from Athis to Juvincourt with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather causes the recall of heavy bombers.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy during the night of 4/5 Oct A-20s bomb targets of opportunity in the battle area in the mountains S of Bologna and N of the Arno River Valley; during the day weather grounds medium bomber wings and the XII Fighter Command; the 8th Troop Carrier Squadron, 62d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Galera Airfield to Malignano Airfield with C-47s; the 85th Fighter Squadron, 79th Fighter Group, moves from Southern France to Iesi with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): Saipan Island-based P-47s hit Pagan Island with rockets and bombs; a B-24 bombs gun positions on the island. B-25s from the Gilbert Islands bomb runways and gun positions on Nauru Island while B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb an airfield at Moen Island, Truk Atoll and during the night of 5/6 Oct strike Wake Island. The 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Seventh Air Force, based at Kipapa Airfield, Hawaii, sends a detachment to Peleliu Island, Palau Islands with F-5s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s bomb airfields in the Kendari area on Celebes Island. B-25s and P-38s hit Kairatoe Airfield on Celebes Island, the town of Amboina on Ambon Island and numerous coastal and shipping targets of opportunity in the Ambon-Ceram Islands area. In New Guinea, A-20s, B-25s, and fighter-bombers attack Urarom, the Simora Point area, Doom Island, Babo, Efman and Samate Airfields and disposal areas; A-20s blast Japanese bivouacs and supply areas near Sarmi; HQ 54th Troop Carrier Wing moves from Nadzab to Biak Island. In the Moluccas Islands, the 418th Night Fighter Squadron, V Fighter Command [attached to HQ 310th Bombardment Wing (Medium)], moves from Owi, Schouten Islands to Morotai Island with P-61s.

FRIDAY, 6 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 20+ P-47s bomb troop concentrations in Mawlu and Bilumyo and damage an approach to bridge at Seywa; 8 B-25s attack bridges at Hsenwi, damaging the main bridge but causing little harm to bypass bridges. Transport operations continue on large scale in the CBI. In India, HQ 7th Bombardment Group (Heavy) moves from Kurmitola to Pandaveswar while it's 436th and 492d Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Tezzgaon to Madhaigani with B-24s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 12 B-25s bomb Wucbou and attack boats and other targets of opportunity in the Canton area; 50+ P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance over areas of China S of the Yangtze River attack rivercraft, bridges, town areas, troop concentrations and targets of opportunity along the N French Indochina coast; the flight of the 35th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, at Nanning, returns to base at Chanyi with F-5s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): The first P-61 night fighters arrive in Chengtu, China on the eve of the third air raid; in 10 attacks from 6 Sep to 19 Dec, only 43 aircraft participate.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

AIRBORNE OPERATIONS

(IX Troop Carrier Command): The 305th Troop Carrier Squadron, 442d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Weston Zoyland, England to Peray, France with C-47s.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 667: 1,271 bombers and 784 fighter are dispatched to hit industrial targets in N Germany; with one exception, all attacks are visual; 19 bombers and 4 fighters are lost: 1. 447 B-17s are dispatched to hit Stargard Airfield (199), aircraft factories at Neubrandenburg (73) and Stettin (12); targets of opportunity are Stralsund (110), Kappeln (36), Freienwalde (1) and other (1); 1 B-17 is lost and 34 damaged; 9 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 180 of 202 P-51s; they claim 3-1-3 aircraft in the air and 30-0-14 on the ground; 3 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA), 2 damaged beyond repair and 4 damaged. 2. 418 B-17s are dispatched to Berlin to hit a munitions dump at Berlin/ Spandau (144), aircraft factories at Berlin/Spandau (138) and tank factory at Berlin/Tegel (100); 10 hit a target of opportunity. 17 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 234 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 4 WIA and 154 MIA. Escort is provided by 363 of 414 P-51s; they claim 15-0-5 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost and 3 damaged. 3. 406 B-24s are dispatched to hit Harburg/Rhenania oil refinery (121) with PFF methods, munitions dumb at Hamburg/Glinde (89) and aircraft factories at Hamburg/Klockner (79) and Wenzendorf (46); targets of opportunity are Stade Airfield (29), the Hamburg area (8), Nordhoz Airfield (2), Bremervorde (1) and Ottersberg (1); 1 B-24 is lost and 127 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2 WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 156 of 168 P-47s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air; 6 P-47s are damaged. Mission 668: 6 B-24s and 4 B-17s drop leaflets in Germany, the Netherlands and France during the night without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): 300+ B-26s and A-20s hit marshalling yards, barracks, and ammunition dump at Hengelo, the Netherlands and Duren, Germany and bridges at Arnhem, the Netherlands and Aldenhoven, Germany; in Germany, fighters fly armed reconnaissance in the Dusseldorf, Aachen, Trier, Dieuze, and Koblenz areas, sweeps and patrols in forward areas, attack railroads in the Dorsel area, and support the First, Third, and Seventh Armies' forces in E France and W Germany. In France, HQ 397th Bombardment Group (Medium) moves from Dreux to Peronne.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

The 121st Liaison Squadron, AAF MTO, moves from Pomigliano to Florence, Italy with L-4s and L-5s ("A" Flight is at Vittel, France).

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Weather cancels bombing operations; in Greece, 35 P-38s strafe airfields at Sedhes, Megalo Mikra, Megara, Eleusis, and Tatoi, and 55 P-51s strafe Kalamaki airfield.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather cancels all operations of the medium bomber wing and the XII Fighter Command. In France, the 34th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, XII Tactical Air Command (attached to Provisional Reconnaissance Group), moves from Dijon to Azelot with F-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island hit Iwo Jima Island in harassment attacks during the night of 6/7 Oct. In the Marshall Islands, a B-24 from Kwajalein Atoll bombs a heavy gun battery on Emidj Island, Jaluit Atoll. During the night of 6/7 Oct, 3 B-24s bomb Wake Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): On Halmahera Island, P-38s hit Kaoe Airfield and shipping near Djailolo. In the Ceram Island-Amboina, Ambon Island-Boeroe, Sunda Island area B-25s and P-38s attack Namlea on Buru Island, Waai on Celebes Island, Amahai on Ceram Island, and several small craft. In New Guinea, P-47s bomb Kaimana; and the 547th Night Fighter Squadron moves from Oro Bay to Owi, Schouten Islands with P-38s and P-61s.

SATURDAY, 7 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 5 P-47s bomb supplies and troops at Man Hpa. Large-scale transport operations continue to deliver men and supplies to various points in the CBI.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 53 P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack troop concentrations, bridges, river and rail traffic, town areas, and supply dumps around Tunghsiangchiao, Pingnam, Hsinganhsien, Chuanhsien, Lingling, Wuchou, Houmachen, Chiuchiang, and Paoching.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 669: 1,422 bombers and 900 fighters are dispatched to hit oil installations and armored vehicle plants in Germany; with one exception, bombing is visual; 40 bombers and 11 fighters are lost: 1. 142 of 149 B-17s hit the oil refinery at Politz; 17 B-17s are lost and 106 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 17 WIA and 171 MIA. Escort is proivded by 93 of 108 P-51s; they claim 7-0-3 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA). 2. 333 B-17s are dispatched to hit the oil refinery at Ruhland (59); targets of opportunity hit are Zwickau Airfield (60), motor vehicle facotry at Zwickau (58), Dresden (30), Freiburg (24) and other (87); 3 B-17s are lost and 172 damaged. Escort is provided by 214 of 256 P-51s; they claim 12-0-0 aircraft in the air and 1-0-1 on the ground; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA), 1 damaged beyond repair and 1 damaged; 1 pilot is WIA. 3. 451 B-17s are dispatched to hit oil refineries at Merseburg/Leuna (129), Lutzendorf (88) and Bohlen (86); targets of opportunity are Bielefeld (51), Hameln (27) and Nordhausen Airfield (24); they claim 11-13-10 aircraft; 16 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 240 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 15 WIA and 149 MIA. Escort is provided by 250+ P-47s and P-51s; tehy claim 10-0-1 aircraft; 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are lost (pilots MIA), 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair and 2 P-47s and 1 P-51 are damaged. 4. 489 B-24s are dispatched to hit an armored vehicle plant at Kassel/ Henschel (122) and oil refineries at Kassel/Altenbauna (88), Magdeburg/Buckau (62) and Magdeburg/Rothensee (25); targets of opportunity are Clausthal (129), Bergen/Steinfort (10), Hengelo marshalling yard (4) and other (6); 4 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 183 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 38 MIA. Escort is provided by 214 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; they claim 8-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-47 and 3 P-51s ar elost and 1 P-47 and 1 P-51 are damaged; 3 pilots are MIA.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ Ninth AF cancels previous instructions against bombing bridges and opens to attack all bridges on the US front, except those over the Rhine River. 300+ B-26s and A-20s strike bridges at Arnhem, the Netherlands and in Germany, bridges at Bullay and Dillingen, a supply depot at Euskirchen, and marshalling yard and warehouse at Hengelo and Trier; fighters fly bomber escort, sweeps and armed reconnaissance in the forward areas, hitting railroads, barges, and troop concentrations, and support ground forces in E France and W Germany. In France, the 597th, 598th and 599th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 397th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Dreux to Peronne with B-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

"D" Flight of the 121st Liaison Squadron, AAF, MTO, moves from Florence, Italy to Vittel, France with L-4 and L-5s and joins "A" Flight.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Austria, 350+ B-17s and B-24s bomb the Lobau and Schwechat oil refineries and Winterhafen oil depot in the Vienna area; nearly 30 others hit targets of opportunity in Hungary including marshalling yards at Szombathely and Zalaegerszeg. 330+ B-24s, escorted by P-38s and P-51s, attack marshalling yards at Nove Zamky, Czechoslovakia and Komarom, Hungary and airfield at Gyor, Hungary. 6 B-17s escorted by 54 P-51s, evacuate US airmen from Czechoslovakia to Italy.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather again grounds the medium bombers; fighter-bombers hit guns and troop concentrations in the battle area, which extends over a wide front S of Bologna in the region of Monte Stanco, Monte Cauala, Monte Castellaro, and Monte Ceei, and communications to the N; the 12th Troop Carrier Squadron, 60th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Brindisi to Pomigliano with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island, on armed reconnaissance, attack Marcus Island and nearby shipping.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s over Mindanao Island, Philippine Islands, bomb Zamboanga while a P-38 cover force hits seaplanes, shipping, and other targets of opportunity in the area. On Celebes Island, B-25s bomb Langoan, Tompaso, and Tondegesang. P-38s attack Kaoe on Halmahera Island, and hit oil tanks at Boela on Ceram Island. B-25s bomb a storage area at W Amboina, Ambon Island. In New Guinea, P-38s and B-25s strike Doom Island and Babo airfield.

SUNDAY, 8 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Photo missions to Paramushiru, Matsuwa, Onnekotan and Shasukotan Islands turn back due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 20+ P-47s hit targets of opportunity in the Mawhun and Manyut areas, knock out a bridge at Seywa, and bomb railroad tracks in N Burma; 5 B-25s damage a bridge and score hits on the other bridge approaches at Namhkai and knock out 2 bridges at Wuntho and Kawlin. In India, HQ 443d Troop Carrier Group moves from Dinjan to Ledo.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): 12 P-40s and P-51s hit locomotives, trucks, and river traffic at Yuncheng and NE of Pengtse.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): A revision and elaboration (from 28 Sep-8 Oct) of the Ninth AF interdiction program against railroads connected with the Rhine River results in the issuance of a new interdiction program; it includes rail lines further to the E and requires attacks by all 4 Tactical Air Commands of the Ninth AF, plus aid from the British Second Tactical AF. 300+ B-26s and A-20s, with fighter escort, hit strongpoints and bridges over wide areas of E France and W Germany; fighters support ground forces of the US VII, XV, XIX, and XX Corps in E France and W Germany, and attack airfields, railroads, and numerous military targets in forward areas. In France, HQ 394th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 584th and 585th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Bricy to Cambrai/Niergnies with B-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather limits operations to reconnaissance and sea-search missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather forces medium bombers to cancel missions; XII Fighter Command fighters are airborne to support ground forces over the battle area and abort all missions; HQ 60th Troop Carrier Group and the 28th Troop Carrier Squadron move from Brindisi to Pomigliano with C-47s. In France, the detachment of the 23d Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Group [attached to 3d Photographic Group (Reconnaissance)] operating from Dijon with F-5s returns to base at Valence.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 3 Saipan Island-based B-24s hit Pagan and Marcus Islands. 24 P-47s hit buildings, beach defenses, and gun positions on Pagan Island. During the day and night of 8/9 Oct B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb Wake Island. In Hawaii, the 531st Fighter Squadron, 21st Fighter Group, moves from Kuoloa to Mokuleia Field with P-38s and P-51s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): On Ceram Island, P-47s bomb Amahai and Boela. In the Moluccas Islands, P-38s hit Dodinga Bay barge hideouts, supplies and targets of opportunity along Wasile and Kaoe Bays on Halmahera Island. In New Guinea, B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers hit Sorong, Doom Island, runways and targets of opportunity at Efman and Samate, and gun positions, bivouacs, and supplies at Simora Point; a detachment of the 17th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), begins operating from Noemfoor Island with F-5s (squadron HQ begins a movement from Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands to Morotai Island; another detachment is operating from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands).

MONDAY, 9 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 50+ P-47s knock out a bridge at Manyut and thoroughly pound the town area, bomb enemy positions at Nyaunggon, Pinhe, and near Mawhun, damage a bridge near Mawlu, and hit a variety of targets in the Katha area; 9 B-25s attack road bridges SW of Lashio, knocking out Na-lang and Nampawng bridges; the B-25s hit several targets of opportunity in the area. Transport aircraft continue a steady supply of various points in the CBI. A detachment of the 9th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, begins operating from Chittagong, India with F-5s (squadron is based at Barrackpore, India).

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-25s bomb the area N of Mangshih; 3 B-24s hit shipping along the lower Yangtze River; 29 P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack river traffic, troops, bridges, and other targets of opportunity in areas around Tanchuk, Tengyun, Anking, and Amoy; the airstrip at Tanchuk is temporarily put out of commission.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 670: 1,110 bombers and 878 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on industrial targets in S and C Germany; 1 bomber is lost: 1. 329 of 345 B-17s hit the secondary target, ball bearing plants at Schweinfurt; 1 other hit a target of opportunity; 15 B-17s are damaged. Escort is proivded by 338 of 364 P-51s; 3 P-51s are damaged beyond repair; 1 pilot is WIA. 2. 381 B-17s are dispatched to hit the marshalling yard at Mainz (210) and aircraft engine plant at Gustavsburg (148); 84 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 202 Ninth AF P-38s and P-47s; 2 P-38s are damaged. 3. 360 of 384 hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Koblenz; 1 hit a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 17 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 271 of 295 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air and 1-0-0 on the ground. Mission 671: 2 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands during the night. HQ 12th Bombardment Wing is inactivated at Marks Hall, England.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ Ninth AF gives the Tactical Air Commands an initial attack list of 10 bridges on the US front; other lists follow. 30 9th Bombardment Division aircraft attack a rail bridge at Euskirchen, Germany; fighters provide escort and fly uneventful armed reconnaissance; P-47s sent against airfields in Germany are recalled because of bad weather.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Italy, bad weather restricts operations to weather reconnaissance missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather again grounds the medium bombers; fighter-bombers, and fighters hit roads, rail crossing, transport and other targets in the Bologna and Sabbioso areas; the 97th Bombardment Squadron (Light), 47th Bombardment Group (Light), moves form Follonica to Rosignano Airfield with A-20s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 18 B-24s from Saipan Island pound Iwo Jima Island. 25 B-25s from the Marshall Islands bomb Truk Atoll. The 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Seventh AF (attached to VII Fighter Command), moves from Kipapa Airfield to Kualoa Airfield, Hawaii with F-5s (detachments are operating from Saipan and Peleliu Islands).

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers attack Boela on Ceram Island, Namlea and Kairatoe on Celebes Island, and Liang on Ambon Island, concentrating on oil tanks and airfields. On Halmahera Island, B-25s and fighter-bombers hit Lolobata and Hate Tabako Airfields and nearby barges, supplies, and other targets of opportunity. In New Guinea, A-20s and fighter-bombers strike Faan and Langgoer Airfields, P-40s hit Manokwari, and B-25s bomb Samate.

TUESDAY, 10 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-24s abort a strike at Kashiwabara, Paramushiru Island due to weather.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 28 P-47s support ground forces near Pinhe, bomb the towns of Tawbon and Man Naung, and hit targets of opportunity in and near Momauk. Transport operations to various points in the CBI continue at the rate of 250+ sorties.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 12 B-25s bomb and considerably damage the Kunlong ferry; 38 P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance attack a bridge and other targets of opportunity near Mangshih, hit troop areas around Tanchuk and Wuchou, river traffic near Dosing, and locomotives and barges along the N French Indochina coast.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather cancels daytime bomber and fighter operations. IX Air Defense Command during the night of 10/11 Oct flies patrol over Belgium and W Germany.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Italy, almost 170 B-17s and B-24s attack 4 marshalling yards at Treviso and Mestre and bridges at Susegana and San Dona di Piave plus rail lines in surrounding areas; about 90 fighters provide support in the Udine-Treviso area; 350+ other heavy bombers are forced to abort a mission because of weather.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers are again grounded due to weather; fighter-bombers, though also hampered by weather, manage to closely support ground forces, particularly at Monte delle Formiche where US 85th Infantry Division elements are stopped short of the the crest, and attack communications N of the battle area in the N Apennines; the 11th Troop Carrier Squadron, 60th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Brindisi to Pomigliano with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 14 B-24s from Saipan Island bomb the airfield on Iwo Jima Island and shipping off the E shore. 24 P-47s pound buildings and storage caves on Pagan Island; later a B-24 bombs the radio station N of the airfield on Pagan Island. 12 B-25s from Makin Island bomb runways and adjacent AA positions on Nauru Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s strike oil refineries and an airfield in the Balikpapan, Borneo area; the B-24s and escorting P-47s and P-38s claim 30+ Japanese fighters downed. On Halmahera Island, P-38s and B-25s bomb Djailolo, Kaoe, and Hate Tabako Airfield and the Wasile town area. P-47s hit Liang Airfield on Ambon Island. In New Guinea, A-20s hit the Sarmi area and A-20s and B-25s bomb Urarom Airfield.

WEDNESDAY, 11 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, 4 B-25s over Shimushiru and Paramushiru Islands blow up 3 buildings and damage 2 others at Cape Namikawa.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 15 P-47s hit guns and enemy positions near Pinhe while 9 attack the town of Manwein and hit targets of opportunity in the area; 8 others hit the towns of Nayakaung and Nansiaung; 8 B-25s attack bridges at Man Pwe, Tahpalai, and Namyao damaging only the Man Pwe bridge; 23 P-47s hit troops and stores near Tawbon and at Hkawan, knock out Kawnghka bridge and damage the Wanling bridge. Transport flights continue to points throughout the CBI. The detachment of the 4th Combat Cargo Squadron, 1st Combat Cargo Group, operating from Yunnani, China returns to base at Sylhet, India with C-47s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-25s knock out a bridge S of Mangshih; 3 P-40s attack sampans from Tanchuk to Tengyun while 8 hit general targets of opportunity N of Mangshih.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 672: 135 B-17s are dispatched to bomb the Wesseling synthetic oil plant (57); 73 others hit the secondary, the Koblenz marshalling yard; 4 B-17s are lost and 61 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 6 WIA and 38 MIA. Escort is provided by 135 of 139 P-47s; 1 P-47 is lost. Mission 673: 9 aircraft drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): In France, 99 B-26s and A-20s, with fighter escort, sent to bomb the Camp-de-Bitche military camp are recalled when Pathfinder equipment malfunctions and weather prevents visual bombing. In Germany, fighters fly armed reconnaissance, cut rail lines in the Aachen- Rhine area, and support the US VII and XIX Corps in the Aachen area, and US XII, XV, and XX Corps in the Metz-Saarlautern area. In Luxembourg, the 160th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from Montrevil, France to Sandweiler with F-6s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Austria, about 180 B-17s and B-24s, with fighter escort, bomb Vienna S ordnance depot, Graz motor works, S and SW areas of Vienna, the towns of Hirtenberg and Enzesfeld, the marshalling yard at Zeltweg, the Dravograd, Yugoslavia railroad bridge on the Yugoslav-Hungarian boundary, and in Italy, railroad and highway bridges at Cesara, and Trieste harbor; 250+ heavy bombers fail to complete missions because of bad weather; 18 P-51s strafe targets in the Bratislava, Czechoslovakia and Budapest, Hungary areas, including supply dumps, and trains and destroy 17 airplanes at Esztergom landing ground, Hungary; 37 other P-51s strafe Prostejov Airfield, Czechoslovakia and targets of opportunity in the surrounding area, destroying nearly 30 aircraft and trucks, locomotives, and railroad cars. HQ 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Group moves from San Severo to Bari, Italy.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, despite bad weather medium bombers attack bridges and supply dumps in the Po Valley; fighter- bombers and fighters closely support ground forces in the Apennine Mountains between Florence and Bologna where fierce fighting rages on Monte delle Formiche, Livergnano escarpment, Monte delle Tombe, Gesso ridge, and Monte Battaglia; also hit are communications behind the battle area and as far W and N as Genoa, Turin, and Savona; the detachments of the 16th and 35th Troop Carrier Squadrons, 64th Troop Carrier Group, operating from Istres, France returns to base at Ciampino with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): Saipan Island-based P-47s hit buildings on Pagan Island with rockets and bombs. A Kwajalein Atoll-based B-24 bombs Wake Island during the night.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s bomb the Koeandang and Langoan area on Celebes Island. P-38s pound Miti Airfield on Halmahera Island. A-20s and fighter-bombers attack airfields at Liang on Ambon Island, Kairatoe on Celebes Island, Laha on Ambon Island, Haroekoe on Haroekoe Island, and Namlea on Buru Island. In New Guinea, Langgoer Airfield is bombed by P-47s and P-47s hit Babo Airfield while A-20s attack Sarmi troop concentrations. At night B-24s bomb Sasa Matina and Buayoan Airfield on Mindanao Island, Philippine Islands

THURSDAY, 12 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): B-24s hit the airfield and shipping targets in the Matsuwa Island-Onnekotan Island area.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 18 P-47s bomb railroad targets in the Naba-Mawlu rail corridor damaging a bridge approach, and strike troops and stores near Nayakaung; 12 other P-47s hit various targets at Pintha and Nyaunggon; 4 B-25s knock out a bridge just N of Lashio and 3 others knock out a bridge at Kawlin and damage tracks near the Man Pwe bridge.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s and 12 P-40s hit the Chefang storage area and a bridge and general targets of opportunity in the Mangshih area; 40+ P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance covering wide areas of S China and extending into W Burma attack troop concentrations, river traffic, storage areas, and buildings in areas around Taochuan, Kweiping, Hsinganhsien, Yuncheng, Tanchuk, and Hsenwi.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): The following B-29 units are inactivated in India: HQ 58th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) and the 795th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 468th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), at Kharagpur; the 679th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 444th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) at Dudhkundi; the 771st Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy), 462d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy), at Piardoba.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 674: 552 bombers and 514 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; they claim 18-3-1 aircraft; 3 bombers and 5 fighters are lost: 1. Weather prevents the 290 B-24s dispatched to hit the primaries at Vechta, Achmer, Rheine and Varrelbusch; PFF means were used to hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Osnabruck (267); 5 others hit Diepholz Airfield, a target of opportunity; 2 B-24s are lost and 67 damaged; 19 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 210 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-1-0 aircraft in the air. 2. 262 B-17s are dispatched to aviation industries at Bremen (267) bombing visually; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 59 damaged. 7 airmen are KIA, 1 WIA and 9 MIA. Escort is provided by 273 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 17-2-1 aircraft; 5 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA). Mission 675: 8 aircraft are dispatched to drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night; 2 B-24s are lost.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ Ninth AF is delegated administrative (in addition to operational) control over HQ XII Tactical Air Command hitherto assumed by US Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF). Advanced HQ XIX Tactical Air Command arrives at Nancy, France, following the advance of the US Third Army. Almost 250 B-26s and A-20s bomb Camp-de-Bitche, France military camp, rail bridges at Grevenbroich and Ahrweiler, Germany, city areas of Langerwehe and Aldenhoven, Germany, and Venraij, the Netherlands, and various targets of opportunity; escorting fighters also fly armed reconnaissance and rail cutting in the Dusseldorf and Aachen, Germany and Belfort, France areas, and support the VIII, XII, XV, and XX Corps in E France and W Germany. In France, the 14th Liaison Squadron, XIX Tactical Air Command (attached to Third Army), moves from Gussainville to Nancy with L-5s; the 365th, 366th and 367th Fighter Squadrons, 358th Fighter Group, based at Vitry-le-Francois, begins operating from St Dizier with P-47s; the 586th and 587th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium), 394th Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Bricy to Cambrai/Niergnies with B-26s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Around 700 B-17s and B-24s, with fighter support, pound ammunition and fuel dumps and depots, bivouac area, barracks, vehicle repair shop, munitions factory and targets of opportunity in the Bologna, Italy area (Operation PANCAKE) supporting the US Fifth Army offensive in that sector. 160 P-51s strafe the mainline railroad and Danube River traffic in the Vienna, Austria-Gyor, Hungary-Budapest, Hungary areas and strafe Seregelyes Airfield, Hungary, disrupting traffic and destroying many enemy airplanes.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bombers, supporting the US Fifth Army, attack communications, supply dumps, and bivouac and barracks areas S of Bologna; fighter-bombers and XII Fighter Command fighters, mainly in support of the US Fifth Army, blast supply dumps, gun positions, troop concentrations, and communications in the high country S of of Bologna while the Desert Air Force (DAF) gives similar support to the British Eighth Army in the Rimini area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island bomb the harbor and shipping at Chichi Jima and shipping S of Haha Jima in the Bonin Islands, AA positions on Marcus Island, and the airfield area on Pagan Island. P-47s hit the Pagan Island Airfield area with bombs and rockets. B-24s from Kwajalein Atoll bomb Wake Island during the night of 12/13 Oct.

(Twentieth Air Force): The first B-29, JOLTIN' JOSIE, THE PACIFIC PIONEER, arrives on Saipan Island, piloted by Brigadier General Haywood S Hansell, Jr, Commanding General XXI Bomber Command, for whom temporary HQ are set up on Saipan Island; also the regular air echelon of HQ 73d Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) arrives on Saipan Island on this date, followed during Oct 44 and the first week in Nov 44 by 4 bombardment groups and 4 air service groups; HQ 313th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) will be established in the theater in Dec 44, HQ 314th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) in Jan 45, HQ 58th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) in Mar 45, and HQ 315th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) in Apr 45. In Mar 45 HQ VII Fighter Command will be established on Iwo Jima Island from where some of its units escort B-29 missions.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): On Celebes Island, B-24s bomb Ambesia, Langoan, Mapanget, and Sidate Airfields. B-25s, A-20s, and P-47s again pound airfields at Liang and Laha on Ambon Island, Namlea on Buru Island, Kairatoe on Celebes Island and Haroekoe on Haroekoe Island, and the town of Boela on Ceram Island. P-38s hit numerous targets of opportunity on Halmahera Island. In New Guinea, fighter-bombers hit Manokwari and Urarom and A-20s bomb pillboxes in the Sarmi area.

FRIDAY, 13 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): On Paramushiru Island, 4 B-25s bomb Kurabu Airfield and bomb and strafe buildings on Tomari Cape, scoring hits on canneries, warehouses, and barracks; later, 4 B-24s photograph and bomb targets at Kashiwabara.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 38 P-47s strike Okkyin, Yebyangale, and Theinlon, and hit troops in the Myothit area; 8 P-47s support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, 12 attack and considerably damage Wanling bridge and 4 hit targets of opportunity in the area. Transports fly 280+ sorties hauling troops and supplies to CBI terminals.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 138 P-40s and P-51s on numerous armed reconnaissance missions throughout S China and into W Burma attack troop areas, rivercraft, town areas, bridges, trucks, and other targets of opportunity; 71 of the fighter-bombers hit targets in the Kweiping area while the others attack targets around Chuanhsien, Litou, Shepchung, Tengyun, Lungfukwan, Kingshan, Mangshih, and Chefang.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): 9th Bombardment Division bombers hit bridges at Saarlouis, France, Roermond and Venlo, the Netherlands, and Euskirchen and Mayen, Germany, plus several targets of opportunity. Escorting fighters also fly armed reconnaissance over the areas of Metz, France and extensively over W Germany, attacking railroads and other targets, and support the US First, Third, and Seventh Armies. In France, HQ 323d Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 453d, 454th, 455th and 456th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Chartres to Laon/Athies with B-26s; the 425th Night Fighter Squadron, XIX Tactical Air Command, moves from Coulommiers to Prosnes with P-61s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):650+ fighter escorted B-17s and B-24s bomb oil refineries at Blechhammer, Germany and Vienna/Floridsdorf, Austria; motor works, locomotive shops, and marshalling yard at Vienna and Graz, Austria; Banhida, Szekesfehervar and Papa, Hungary; and Hranice and Mezirici, Czechoslovakia; some of the escorting fighters strafe railroads, roads, and an airfield in the areas of Balaton Lake, Hungary; Neusiedler Lake and Vienna, Austria; and Prostejov, Czechoslovakia; other fighters strafe roads, railroads, and Danube River traffic in the Vienna-Gyor, Hungary- Budapest, Hungary areas.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather cancels all medium bomber operations except for attacks on 4 targets (bridges and supply dumps) in the battle area S of Bologna; fighter-bombers support US Fifth Army operations more successfully in the area, hitting gun emplacements, troop concentrations, supply dumps, bridges, and vehicles; the 23d Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 5th Photographic Reconnaissance Group [attached to 3d Photographic Group (Reconnaissance)] moves from Valence, France to Malignano with F-5s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island bomb Yap Island, Caroline Islands. From the Marshall Islands B-24s pound Truk Atoll. Gilbert Islands-based B-25s bomb Nauru Island. In Hawaii, HQ 21st Fighter Group moves from Wheeler Field to Mokuleia Field.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-25s bomb Menado on Celebes Island and the surrounding area. P-38s hit AA positions, enemy concentrations, and other targets in NE Celebes and Halmahera Islands. A-20s and fighter-bombers attack Boela on Ceram Island, oil installations and airfields at Amahai on Ceram Island, Kairatoe on Celebes Island, and Namlea on Buru Island. In New Guinea, the 17th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), enroute from Guadalcanal Island to Morotai Island, sends a detachment to operate from Sansapor with F-5s (other detachments are at Bougainville and Noemfoor Islands).

SATURDAY, 14 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s bomb and strafe buildings at Otomae Bay, Kurile Islands.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): Transport aircraft fly 200+ sorties, delivering men and supplies to various points in the CBI. The 165th Liaison Squadron (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, moves from Asanol, India to Tamu, Burma with C-64s and L-5s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 32 P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack troops, town areas, and river traffic around Samshui, Mangshih, Kweiping, Hsinganhsien, Konghow and Tajungchiang.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): 103 Chengtu, China-based B-29s bomb the Okayama aircraft plant on Formosa; 12 more hit last-resort targets and targets of opportunity; this is the first Twentieth AF mission during which 100+ B-29s attack targets and the first of a series of missions against Formosa in conjunction with the US invasion of Leyte Island, Philippine Islands.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 676: 211 bombers and 258 fighters make GH attacks on 2 targets in Germany: 1 fighter is lost: 1. 90 of 94 B-17s hit a marshalling yard at Saarbrucken; 8 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 105 of 107 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. 2. 117 of 117 B-24s hit Kaiserslautern; 8 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 148 of 151 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA). Mission 677: 1,040 bombers and 491 fighters are dispatched to make PFF attacks on Cologne, Germany; 5 bombers are lost: 1. 434 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Gereon marshalling yard (326); 1 hits a target of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost and 93 damaged; 3 airmen are WIA and 20 MIA. Escort is provided by 141 of 153 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. 2. 318 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Gremberg (127) and Eifelter (121) marshalling yards; 9 others hit Euskirchen; 3 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 137 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 2 WIA and 20 MIA. Escort is provided by 177 of 184 P-47s and P-51s without loss. 3. 314 of 379 B-17s hit the secondary target, the Gereon marshalling yard; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 2 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 123 damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 3 WIA. Escort is provided by 151 of 154 P-47s and P-51s without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Bad weather grounds the A-20s and B-26s; fighters escort a leaflet mission, fly sweeps and rail cutting operations, armed reconnaissance over E France and W Germany, and support the US Third Army.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):317 B-17s and B-24s hampered by bad weather, bomb oil refineries at Blechhammer and Odertal, Germany, and several targets of opportunity including marshalling yards at Bratislava and Nove Zamky, Czechoslovakia, and in Hungary, Komarom and the Nove Zamky railroad bridges, Borzavar industrial area, and Ugod military garrison; escorting fighters strafe airfields, rail and road traffic and other targets of opportunity in the target areas; 52 B-24s bomb a railroad bridge and marshalling yard at Maribor, Yugoslavia; 54 P-51s on a strafing mission in the Balaton Lake area of Hungary attack airfields at Szekesfehervar and Seregelyes; 55 P-38s escort MATAF C-47s carrying airborne forces to Megara Airfield, Greece.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather cancels all medium bomber operations; 100+ fighters and fighter-bombers pound troop concentrations, gun positions, supplies, bridges, roads, and rail lines S, of Bologna where hard fighting is taking place in the Monterumici, Livergnano, and Gesso ridge areas.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 3 B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Saipan Island bomb Marcus Island. P-47s on a sweep over Pagan Island bomb and strafe storage caves. 1 B-24 from the Marshall Islands bombs Wake Island during the night of 14/15 Oct. HQ 41st Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 48th, 396th and 820th Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Makin Island to Wheeler Field, Hawaii with B-25s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s again bomb oil refineries and associated industries in the Balikpapan, Borneo area; others bomb Pombelaa mine on Celebes Island. A-20s, B-25s, and fighter- bombers again hit Laha Airfield on Ambon Island and Haroekoe Airfield on Haroekoe Island. In New Guinea, HQ 374th Troop Carrier Group and the 21st Troop Carrier Squadron move from Nadzab to Biak Island with C-47s.

SUNDAY, 15 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s on armed reconnaissance over Paramushiru Island turn back when the flight drifts off course; 1 B-24 strafes a freighter off Shimushiru Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, about 40 P-47s attack positions in the Mohnyin area and at Man Naung, supply concentrations at Kyungyi, railroad targets in the Mawhun area, ammunition stores at Manwing, and buildings near Muse; 12 B-25s hit the town of Onbauk, storage facilities at Indaw, and vicinity of Thabeikkyin. Transport operations in the CBI continue on a large scale; the 71st Liaison Squadron, Tenth Air Force [attached to 1st Liaison Group (Provisional)], moves from Ledo, India to Sahmaw with L-4s and L-5s. In India, the 5th and 6th Fighter Squadrons (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, based in Asansol, send detachments to operate from Cox's Bazar with P-47s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 28 B-24s, 33 P-51s, and 18 P-40s pound White Cloud Airfield in Canton and shipping in the Hong Kong area; 2 B-24s bomb Amoy; 6 fighter-bombers hit targets of opportunity near Mangshih and Tajungchiang.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 3 missions are flown. Mission 677: 754 bombers and 464 fighters are dispatched to hit industrial, oil and rail targets in the Cologne, Germany area; all but 1 force bombs by PFF methods; 7 bombers and 3 fighters are lost: 1. 454 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Geron (141), Nippes (127) and Kalk (111) marshalling yards; 11 others hit the Koblenz/Lutzel marshalling yard; 4 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 293 damaged; 14 airmen are KIA, 15 WIA and 40 MIA. Escort is provided by 146 of 151 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. 2. 385 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Eifeltor (148) and Imbert (24) marshalling yards; secondary targets are the Kalk (117) and Gereon (50) marshalling yards; other targets are Wester marshalling yard (11) and other (1); 2 B-17s are lost, 3 damaged beyond repair and 230 damaged; 10 airmen are KIA, 19 WIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 150 of 154 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. 3. 369 B-24s are dispatched to hit oil facilities at Monheim/Rhenania (64) and Reisholz (61) visually; secondary targets are Cologne/Gereon marshalling yard (185) and Dormigeon (13); targets of opportunity are Worringen (12), Cologne Airfield (12) and Limburg marshalling yard (6); 1 B-24 is lost and 106 damaged; 3 B-24s are lost and 106 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA, 7 WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 131 of 141 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. Mission 678A: 2 of 9 B-17s make an APHRODITE attack on naval installations on Heligoland Island, Germany; 23 of 24 B-17s fly a cover mission to the same targets. Escort is provided by 15 of 16 P-51s and 2 P-38s without loss. Mission 679: 5 B-17s and 4 B-24s fly a night leaflet mission over the Netherlands, France and Germany without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather prevents bomber operations; fighters fly rail cutting missions and support elements of the US First, Third, Seventh, and Ninth Armies in E France and W Germany.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather limits operations to weather reconnaissance missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, B-25s bomb bridges in the W Po Valley; B-26s hit bridges in the E part of the Valley, and have excellent success bombing a railway fill at Ossenigo, trapping 300+ railway cars N of the target; fighters and fighter-bombers concentrate their efforts toward support of ground forces along a wide front in the mountains S of Bologna; HQ 63d Fighter Wing moves from Bastia, Corsica to San Pietro.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 27 B-24s from Saipan Island strike fuel storage, AA positions, and installations at the airfield on Iwo Jima Island; 1 other B-24 bombs the airfield at Pagan Island. 2 B-24s from the Marshall Islands bomb Wake Island during the night of 15/16 Oct.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): A-20s again pound airfields and oil storage on Ceram Island; P-38s carry out a shipping sweep over the Flores Island area n the Lesser Sunda Islands and on Halmahera Island bomb the Pitoe and Kaoe areas; P-38s bomb Amahai Airfield on Ceram Island while bombers on armed reconnaissance hit nearby targets of opportunity. In New Guinea, P-47s attack Sagan Airfield; the 33d Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Port Moresby to Hollandia with C-47s; the 70th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Hollandia to Biak Island with C-47s. HQ 38th Bombardment Group (Medium) and the 405th and 823d Bombardment Squadrons (Medium) move from Biak Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island with B-25s.

MONDAY, 16 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 7 B-24s fly cover sorties for a naval task force,

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 11 P-47s attack 2 railroad bridges in the Naba-Mawlu area, damaging approaches to both targets; 5 other P-47s hit Japanese forces in the NW part of Madangyang; 12 B-25s, supported by an escort of 8 P-47s, pound the airfield at Shwebo. Transports fly 300+ sorties in the CBI.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 28 B-24s, 8 B-25s, 26 P-51s, and 21 P-40s blast shipping and the Kowloon Dock area of Hong Kong; 15 cargo vessels are damaged or sunk; 3 other P-51s hit the Wuchou area; 36 P-40s, P-51s, and P-38s hit village and town areas, bridges, and troop concentrations in the Kweiping, Tanebuk, Hsinganbsien, Tingka, and Chefang areas.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): Over 40 B-29s, out of Chengtu, China, bomb the Okayama aircraft plant aircraft plant and Heito Airfield on Formosa; 20+ other B-29s bomb alternate or chance targets at Takao, Taichu Airfield and Toshien harbor on Formosa, and Swatow and Sintien harbors, Hengyang, and several airfields in China.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 680: 2 B-17s and 7 B-24s are dispatched on a night leaflet mission to France, the Netherlands and Germany.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Ninth AF advance HQ follows HQ Twelfth Army Group to Luxembourg. All operations are cancelled due to weather. In France, HQ 358th Fighter Group and the 366th and 367th Fighter Squadrons move from Vitry-le-Francois to Mourmelon with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Nearly 600 B-17s and B-24s, with fighter escort, hit targets in Austria and Czechoslovakia; in Austria, they hit a tank factory, tank assembly plant, and aero engine works at Steyr, benzol plant and ordnance depot at Linz, plus alternate targets and targets of opportunity, including Graz, Neudorf aircraft engine factory, Trieben, Linz, Graz, Villach, Salzburg, Klagenfurt, and Sankt Veit an der Glan; in Czechoslovakia, they hit the Brux synthetic oil refinery, and armament works in Plzen. 20+ P-51s and P-38s fly photo and weather reconnaissance missions and sea patrol; 29 P-38s escort MATAF C-47s (transporting airborne troops) to Greece and back to Italy.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, medium bomber operations are cancelled by bad weather; A-20s and fighter-bombers hit troop concentrations, bridges, gun positions, road, rail lines, and vehicles in the battle area, particularly in the Monte Belmonte vicinity.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 15 P-47s and 1 B-24 from Saipan Island hit Pagan Island. From the Marshall Islands 14 B-24s hit Truk Atoll. The 548th Night Fighter Squadron, 7th Fighter Wing, moves from Hickam Field to Kipapa Field, Hawaii with P-61s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): P-38s hit the harbor, shipping, airfield and trucks on Cagayan Islands, Philippine Islands. B-24s blast the Makassar area on Celebes Island. B-24s, B-25s, and fighter- bombers again pound the Boeroe Island-Ceram Island airfields and the towns of Boela on Ceram Island and Amboina on Ambon Island and hit shipping in Binnen Bay in the Moluccas Islands. In New Guinea, fighter-bombers hit Timoeka and Mongosah and Sagan Airfields; Langgoer Airfield is pounded by A-20s. HQ 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 23d and 31st Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy) move from Noemfoor Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island with B-24s.

TUESDAY, 17 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 7 B-24s fly cover sorties for a naval task force.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 15 P-47s bomb a supply area near Naba, hit Japanese HQ and a supply area near Mawhun, and blast a supply base and permanent camp at Myazedi; 8 B-25s bomb Nawnghkio airfield and 3 attack bridges near Kawlin and Thityabin; an approach to the latter bridge is damaged. Transports fly almost 300 sorties to various points in the CBI.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 15 B-25s, 12 P-40s, and 10 P-51s pound a supply depot at Tien Ho Airfield at Canton; 2 B-24s bomb a supply depot at Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong; 44 P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack rivercraft, troop concentrations, villages, and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Tengyun, Mangshih, Tajungchiang, Wuchou, and Dosing; a runway at Tanchuk Airfield suffers considerable damage.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): 10 B-29s, flying out of Chengtu, China, bomb Einansho air depot on Formosa; 14 others bomb alternate targets.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 681: 1,338 bombers and 811 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks in the Cologne, Germany area; 4 bombers and 1 fighter are lost: 1. 465 B-17s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Cologne/Eifeltor (216) and Cologne/Gremberg (34); targets of opportunity are Cologne/Kalk marshalling yard (151) and other (2); 1 B-17 is lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 263 damaged; 1 airman is KIA, 6 WIA and 9 MIA. Escort is provided by 274 P-47s and P-51s without loss. 2. 453 B-17s are dispatched to hit marshalling yards at Cologne/Gereon (295) and Cologne/Kalk (142); 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 150 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 10 WIA and 37 MIA. Escort is provided by 271 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA). 3. 430 B-24s are dispatched to hit a chemical plant at Leverkusen but weather prevents the attack; targets of opportunity hit are the Cologne/ Gereon (231) and Cologne/Kalk (179) marshalling yards; 1 B-24 is damaged beyond repair and 73 damaged. Escort is provided by 229 P-47s and P-51s.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): All Rhine River rail and road bridges are cleared for attack; 2 days later Advance HQ prescribes bridges as having priority on the target list second only to rail lines. In Germany, 35 B-26s hit rail bridge at Euskirchen; fighters escort the bombers, fly armed reconnaissance in the Strasbourg-Colmar-Mulhouse area, attack railroads in the Allendorf an der Lahn-Gemunden area, and marshalling yard at Dielkirchen. In France, the 365th, 366th and 367th Fighter Squadrons, 358th Fighter Group, move from Vitry-le-Francois to Mourmelon with P-47s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):330+ heavy bombers attack the oil refinery at Blechhammer S, Germany and the industrial area of Vienna, Austria, plus alternate targets and targets of opportunity including marshalling yards at Banhida, Nagykanizsa and Szombathely, Hungary; Strass and Graz, Austria; and Maribor, Yugoslavia, a railroad bridge at Maribor, a rail line at Furstenfeld, Austria, and targets of opportunity scattered throughout the Balkans. P-51s escort a C-47 picking up personnel at Valjevo Airfield, Yugoslavia, a B-17 carrying a photo crew to Rumania (to photograph Ploesti), and several C-47s transporting personnel to Araxos Airfield, Greece.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather cancels all medium bomber operations and limits fighter-bombers to limited sorties in the battle area S of Bologna, hitting roads, rail lines and bridges; A-20s during the night of 16/17 Oct on armed reconnaissance over the Po Valley bomb targets of opportunity and cause explosions on N edge of Ravenna.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): In the Bonin Islands, 11 B-24s from Saipan Island hit shipping off Haha Jima Island, and the town of Okimura; later, during the night of 17/18 Oct, 1 B-24 bombs an airfield on Iwo Jima Island. B-25s from the Gilbert Islands hit Nauru Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): Fighter-bombers and B-25s hit airfields, shipping and scattered targets of opportunity in the Halmahera Island area. In the Ceram Island-Ambon Island-Boeroe Island area A-20s, B-25s, and fighter-bombers continue to pound airfields and oil facilities. In the principal strike of the day almost 60 B-24s hit oil installations, barracks, and shore targets on Ilang and N Davao Bay areas of Mindanano Island. HQ XIII Bomber Command moves from Wakde Island to Morotai Island. In New Guinea, HQ 433d Troop Carrier Group moves from Port Moresby to Biak Island; the air echelon of the 82d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Group, begins operating from Biak Island with F-6s and P-40s (squadron is based on Morotai Island).

WEDNESDAY, 18 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s bomb Kurabu Cape Airfield on Paramushiru Island and Suribachi; 8-12 interceptors attack the B-25s, which claim 2 victories.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 13 P-47s attack Mingaladon Airfield, 21 support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, 8 knock out 2 bridges at Wanting, and 6 hit troops near Hwemun; 6 B-25s damage approaches to 2 road bridges at Wuntho; 6 other B-25s damage approaches to 2 bridges at Namhkai and Meza. Transports again fly nearly 300 sorties to several locations in the CBI. In India, the 3d Combat Cargo Squadron, 1st Combat Cargo Group, moves from Sylhet to Tulihal with C-47s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 100+ P-40s and P-51s fly armed reconnaissance over vast areas of China S of the Yangtze River, attack town areas, troops, rivercraft, gun positions, supply facilities, airfields, and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Shangkaishow, Tajungchiang, Konghow, Wuchou, Shepchung, Hsinganhsien, Tengyun, Liutu, Tanchuk, and Takhing. Railroad targets at Lang Son, French Indochina are also attacked. The flight of the 21st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, operating from Liangshan moves to Hanchung, China with F-5s (squadron is based at Kunming).

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 682: 567 bombers and 604 fighters are dispatched to hit targets in Germany; 5 bombers and 5 fighters are lost: 1. 337 B-17s are dispatched to make a PFF attack on Kassel/Mittefeld (300); targets of opportunity are Cologne (1) and other (2); 2 B-17s are lost; 1 airman is WIA and 18 MIA. Escort is provided by 388 P-47s and P-51s; 4 P-51s are lost. 2. 118 B-17s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the Ford Plant at Cologne (79); 30 others hit Cologne/Nippes marshalling yard; 22 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is KIA and 2 WIA. Escort is provided by 38 of 45 P-47s without loss. 3. 112 B-24s are dispatched to make a GH attack on the industrial complex at Leverkusen (39); 30 others hit the Cologne/Nippes marshalling yard; 3 B-24s are lost and 26 damaged; 27 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 139 of 146 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather prevents operations of all commands (including the 9th Bombardment Division) except IX Tactical Air Command fighters which fly sweeps, rail cutting missions, and night patrols, and provide air cover for the US 1st Infantry Division in the Aachen, Germany area.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):38 P-38s dive-bomb Vinkovci, Yugoslavia. 41 P-51s escort C-47s to Greece.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, most medium bomber missions are aborted because of weather, but B-26s effectively hit Castel San Pietro dell'Emilia warehouses and a railroad bridge at Padua; fighters and fighter-bombers, operating on restricted schedule due to weather, offer effective close support to ground forces in the mountains S of Bologna and hit communications targets in the Bologna and Modena areas; during the night of 17/18 Oct A-20s on armed reconnaissance bomb lights and vehicles E of Bologna.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s out of Saipan Island bomb Haha Jima Island while P-47s bomb and strafe Pagan Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): Bad weather curtails a major strike on Balikpapan, Borneo; of 120+ B-24s and fighters, only 8 B-24s and 8 P-38s reach the target. P-38s hit barges, small shipping, and vehicles on W coast of Mindanao Island. In New Guinea, B-24s attack Sagan and Babo Airfields. B-25s and fighter-bombers again hit Namlea on Buru Island, Amboina and Liang on Ambon Island, and nearby targets, attack targets of opportunity at Djailolo on Halmahera Island and in the Wasile Bay area, and pound Urarom, Manokwari, Babo, Sagan, Otawiri, and other Vogelkop area targets in New Guinea. HQ 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Wakde Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island. The 65th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Nadzab to Biak Island, New Guinea with C-47s.

THURSDAY, 19 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): A B-24 bombs Kurabu Cape on Paramushiru Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 10 P-47s blast approaches to 2 bridges in the Mawlu area and 15 support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, hitting the village of Nyaunggaing and damaging a nearby bridge and pounding the railroad station at Kadu. In India, a detachment of the 1st Combat Cargo Squadron, 1st Combat Cargo Group, begins operating from Hathazari, India with C-47s (squadron is based at Sylhet, India).

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 100+ P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance over S China hit numerous targets of opportunity from the Tungting Lake area to Luichow Peninsula; the fighter-bombers concentrate on rivercraft, troop compounds, and building areas; the 35th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, Fourteenth AF, based at Chanyi, sends a detachment to operate from Chihkiang with F-5s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 683: 1,022 bombers and 753 fighters attack targets in Germany using PFF or GH; 6 bombers and 2 fighters are lost: 1. 381 B-24s are dispatched to hit the diesel engine and armored vehicle plant at Gustavsburg (50) and the Mainz marshalling yard (280) the secondary target; 5 B-24s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 148 damaged; 3 airmen are KIA and 49 MIA. Escort is provided by 195 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. 2. 217 of 267 B-17s hit the secondary target, Mannheim; 34 others hit a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost and 97 damaged; 2 airmen are KIA, 1 WIA and 10 MIA. Escort is provided by 286 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA). 3. 374 B-17s are dispatched to hit an artillery tractor plant at Mannheim (25); 257 hit the secondary, Mannheim; targets of opportunity are Karlsruhe (32), Kreuznach (10), Rudesheim (9), Bad Kreuznach (8), Steyer (2) and other (21); 182 B-17s are damaged; 2 airmen are KIA and 4 WIA. Escort is provided by 226 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. Mission 684: 5 B-17s and 5 B-24s are dispatched to drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather prevents bomber operations; fighters attack a tank concentration E of Luneville, France, strafe targets NW of Kaiserslautern, Germany, fly reconnaissance in W Germany, and provide cover for US Third and Seventh Army forces in E France.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather restricts operations to reconnaissance missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): Twelfth AF redesignates HQ XII Fighter Command as HQ XXII Tactical Air Command following a reorganization period during which the XXII Tactical Air Command was temporarily referred to as "X" Tactical Air Command and "X-Ray" Tactical Air Command, to distinguish it from HQ XII Fighter Command around which it was formed. In Italy, B-26s attack the Mantua causeway, a railway fill at Ossenigo, and bridges at Calcinato and Peschiera del Garda; a Luftwaffe fighter attack NW of Mantua accounts for 2 B-26s lost and 1 missing; at least 2 of the attacking fighters are destroyed; B-25s attack bridges in the Milan area at Lonate Pozzolo, Cameri, and Magenta; fighter-bombers of the XXII Tactical Air Command hit targets in support of ground forces, concentrating on the Monte Grande area, and attack rail lines and bridges N of the battle zone. On the night of 18/19 Oct A-20s hit targets of opportunity during armed reconnaissance in the Genoa and Bologna areas.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Saipan Island bomb a bridge, a pier, and the town area on Yap Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s hit Parepare, Celebes Island. Fighter-bombers hit Amboina on Ambon Island and Boela Airfield on Ceram Island and shipping from Zamboanga S in the Sulu-Mindanao Island area, pound the airfield on Cebu Island, Philippine Islands, hit nearby shipping, and strafe Miti, Djailolo, and Hate Tabako on Halmahera Island. In New Guinea, A-20s and fighter-bombers blast airfields at Urarom, Sagan, and Babo; the 13th and 63d Troop Carrier Squadrons, 403d Troop Carrier Group, cease operating from Wakde Island with C-47s and returns to base on Biak Island.

FRIDAY, 20 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 9 P-47s hit encampments and stores near Naha; 5 others knock out a road bridge near Wanling and hit a supply dump in the area, while 4 more attack troops and supplies in the Nansiaung area. Transports fly 200+ sorties in the CBI. In India, the 490th Bombardment Squadron (Medium), 341st Bombardment Group (Medium), moves from Dergaon to Moran with B-25s.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): 18 B-25s bomb docks and storage area at Samshui and the town of Kweiping; 28 P-51s and P-40s join the attack on the Samshui area; 77 P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance pound road, river, and rail traffic, town and village areas and other targets of opportunity around Kweiping, Menghsu, Shawan, Kaotienhsu, Pingnam, Hsenwi, Wuchou, Dosing, Tanchuk, and coastal areas of French Indochina including Hongay.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): In the Netherlands, the 9th Bombardment Division hits the Geertruidenberg/Parenboom and Moerdijke rail bridges; attacks on other targets are aborted because of bad weather. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance over E France and widespread areas of W Germany, attack railroads and various military targets, and support US Third and Seventh Armies' elements in E France.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):480+ B-17s and B-24s attack an oil refinery at Brux, Czechoslovakia, oil storage at Regensburg, an airfield at Bad Aibling, and marshalling yard at Rosenheim, Germany and marshalling yard at Innsbruck, Austria, motor transport, armament plants, and ordnance works at Milan, Italy, plus scattered targets of opportunity. P-38s and P-51s escort the Brux, Czechoslovakia and Regensburg, Germany missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, the weather clears, permitting for the first time in several days a maximum effort by medium bombers which attack 12 bridges and railroad fills in the Po Valley; fighter- bombers of the XXII Tactical Air Command, operating on full scale, blast gun positions, troop concentrations, supply dumps, and communications targets in close support of the US Fifth Army's drive on Bologna from the S; the fighter- bombers concentrate on approaches to the Monte Grande area to prevent counterattacks.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 6 Saipan Island-based P-47s bomb and strafe Pagan Island; later in the day 4 B-24s hit the island. During the night of 20/21 Oct a B-24 on a snooper mission bombs Iwo Jima Island. In Hawaii, HQ VII Fighter Command moves from Ft Shafter to Hickam Field; the 549th Night Fighter Squadron, 7th Fighter Wing, arrives at Kipapa Field from the US with P-61s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s bomb Davao on Mindanao Island. B-25s hit Amboina town on Ambon Island. In New Guinea, the 2d Photographic Charting Squadron, 311th Photographic Wing, arrives at Hollandia from the US with F-7s; the 6th Troop Carrier Squadron, 374th Troop Carrier Group, moves from Nadzab to Biak Island with C-47s; the ground echelon of the 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 6th Photographic Reconnaissance Group, begins a movement from Biak Island to Leyte Island, Philippine Islands (air echelon continues operating from Biak with F-5s); the 67th Troop Carrier Squadron, 433d Troop Carrier Squadron, moves from Hollandia to Biak Island with C-47s.

FRIDAY, 21 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN: The 1st Composite Squadron, AAF Composite Force 8012, begins a movement from Ascension Island to the US.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 15 P-47s damage at least 3 bridges throughout the railroad corridor in N Burma; 15 other P-47s support ground forces in the Mohnyin area, hitting gun positions and defensive works at Ywathit; 12 others attack positions and occupied areas around Bhamo and Muse, 6 knock out the Paungni River bridge, and 4 attack the town of Mawhun; about 270 sorties are flown by Tenth AF transports in the CBI. The detachments of the 5th and 6th Fighter Squadrons (Commando), 1st Air Commando Group, operating from Cox's Bazar, India with P-47s, return to base at Asansol, India.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s and 130+ P-40s and P-51s attack shipping, gun positions, troop areas, bridges, town areas, road traffic, and other targets of opportunity around Yuma, Takhing, Dosing, Konghow, Shawan, Kuanyang, Kweiping, Tungpingchi, Tingka, Muse, Wan Lai-Kam, Shekpo, Menghsu, and Amoy; the 530th Fighter Squadron, 311th Fighter Group, moves from Dinjan, India to Kwanghan with P-51s.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Bad weather grounds the bombers. Fighters fly armed reconnaissance and attack railroads in W Germany and support elements of the US Third and Seventh Armies in E France and W Germany. In the Netherlands, the 125th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached to Ninth Army), moves from Arlon, Belgium to Maastricht with L-5s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Hungary, 104 B-24s with fighter escort attack marshalling yards at Gyor and Szombathely; almost 100 P-38s and P-51s strafe Szombathely and Seregelyes Airfields and rail lines between Sajoszentpeter to Ipolyszog.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): B-26s, in the day's only medium bomber mission in Italy, attack Nervesa della Battaglia railroad bridge and causeway; fighters and fighter-bombers operate in close support of US Fifth Army forces S of Bologna and fighter-bombers also hit communications in N Italy as far N as Verona and as far W as Turin; during the night of 20/21 Oct A-20s bomb targets of opportunity during intruder missions N of battle area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 28 B-24s from Saipan Island bomb Iwo Jima Island. 2 B-24s, in the first US air strike from Guam Island, Mariana Islands, hit Yap Island. The 26th, 98th and 431st Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy), arrive on Guam Island from Kwajalein Atoll with B-24s.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s bomb Cagayan in the Philippine Islands and Parepare on Celebes Island. B-25s and fighter- bombers hit Misami Island, New Guinea and blast a truck convoy near Kibawe on Mindanao Island. Other fighter-bombers hit Kaoe Bay supply areas on Halmahera Island; fighter-bombers hit Boela Airfield on Ceram Island and the Amboina town area on Ambon Island. In New Guinea, Mongosah and Sagan Airfields are also bombed; the ground echelon of the 17th Reconnaissance Squadron (Bombardment), 71st Tactical Reconnaissance Group, begins a movement from Biak Island to Leyte Island (air echelon operations from Biak Island with B-25s until Dec 44); the 64th Troop Carrier Squadron, 403d Troop Carrier Group, based on Biak Island ceases operating from Wakde Island with C-47s.

SUNDAY, 22 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 40+ P-47s hit a variety of targets including bridges at Panghkam, and at 2 other points along the N Burma rail corridor, the towns of Manna and Kyaungle, a bivouac in the Indaw area, and various targets of opportunity.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 2 B-25s knock out 2 railroad bridges at Pingnam while 8 P-51s pound the town area; 54 P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance attack town areas and general targets of opportunity at Nampang, Kuanyang, Shekpo, Pingnam, Kweiping, near Menghsu and Wanling, Burma.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): HQ 492d Bombardment Group (Heavy) and the 856th, 857th, 858th and 859th Bombardment Squadrons (Heavy), i.e., the CARPETBAGGER group assigned to HQ VIII Fighter Command, is transferred to the 1st Bombardment Division to operate as a night bombing group; only the 856th Squadron remains on CARPETBAGGER operations over the Netherlands, Norway and Denmark under operational control of HQ Eighth AF; this reduction of supply dropping forces results from the recapture of major portions of France. The 859th Squadron is sent to Italy in Dec 44 and did not return; the 857th and 858th started night bombing sorties on a limited scale in Dec 44. Mission 685: 1,131 bombers and 785 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks on targets in W Germany; 2 bombers and 1 fighter are lost: 1. 379 B-17s are dispatched to hit military vehicle plants at Hannover/ Hanomag (171) and Brunswick/Bussing (148); targets of opportunity are Bielefeld (35) and other (6); 2 B-17s are lost, 2 damaged beyond repair and 15 damaged; 20 airmen are KIA, 3 WIA and 16 MIA. Escort is provided by 379 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA) and 1 damaged beyond repair. 2. 353 of 373 B-24s hit the Hamm marshalling yard; 29 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 196 of 212 P-51s; 1 P-51 is damaged beyond repair. 3. 352 of 379 B-17s hit the Munster marshalling yard; 8 others hit targets of opportunity; 13 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 147 of 157 P-51s.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Advance HQ XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) and HQ 84th and 303d Fighter Wings move from Arlon, Belgium to Maastricht, the Netherlands to maintain close association with the US Ninth Army. Weather forbids bomber operations; fighter sweeps and armed reconnaissance support US Third and Seventh Army elements in E France and W Germany. In Belgium, HQ 373d Fighter Group moves from Reims, France to Le Culot.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather limits operations to reconnaissance flights.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather grounds all medium bombers and A-20s; fighters and fighter-bombers, flying less than 20 sorties, hit rail lines and trains in N Italy; the 7th Troop Carrier Squadron, 62d Troop Carrier Group, moves from Galera Airfield to Brindisi with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): Guam Island-based B-24s hit Yap Island with harassment raids during the day, operating singly or in groups of 2 or 3. Makin Island-based B-25s bomb Nauru Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): In the Philippine Islands, B-25s and P-38s attack shipping in the Sulu Archipelago and Jolo harbor on Jolo Island and Zamboanga harbor on Mindanano Island while B-24s hit Opon and Lahug Airfields on Cebu Island; B-25s hit Ternate on Samar Island and B-24s pound Matina Airfield in the Cagayan Islands, and Likanan on Mindanao Island; and HQ 308th Bombardment Wing (Heavy) moves from Hollandia, New Guinea to Leyte Island. B-25s hit Piroe Bay supply dumps in the Moluccas Islands and gun positions and fighter-bombers hit Kairatoe Airfield on Celebes Island and Amahai Airfield on Ceram Island and targets of opportunity in Binnen Bay. A-20s blast pillboxes and occupied areas in the Metimedan-Sawar Rivers sector of New Guinea.

MONDAY, 23 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): In the Kurile Islands, 3 B-24s hit Kashiwabara targets on Paramushiru Island; 3 more B-24s bomb Otomari and fly a photo mission over Onnekotan Island; and 5 B-25s bomb the Asahi Bay area.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

BURMA-INDIA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 20 P-47s hit Japanese concentrations at Nanhlaing and Kyungyi; 16 support ground forces at Mawlu and Henu and in nearby areas; a bivouac area S of Indaw is pounded by 4 fighter-bombers while 7 knock out a bypass bridge at Panghkam; 3 B-25s blast train cars and sidings at Kyaukme, 3 hit a nearby motor pool, 2 hit a motor pool at Namhsim, and 1 blasts a rail line at Nawngpeng. Transports fly 270+ sorties in the CBI.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 3 B-25s knock out a bridge at Lobochai while 7 P-40s hit trucks and locomotives nearby; 6 B-25s and 11 P-51s pound the town area of Menghsu; 50+ P-40s and P-51s hit small towns and other targets of opportunity in the Menghsu area; 40+ others attack shipping, bridges, and general targets of opportunity around Anfu, Kweiping, Shepchung, Kuanyang, Ssuwangshu, Mangshih, Chefang, Panghkam, Takhing, Tanchuk, Dosing, Wuchou, and Tengyun and Wanling, Burma.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 686: 6 B-24s and 3 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Netherlands during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather prevents all commands, including the 9th Bombardment Division, from flight operations. In Belgium, HQ 36th Fighter Group moves from Juvincourt, France to Le Culot. In France, HQ 71st Fighter Wing moves from Versailles to Vittel.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Around 500 B-24s and B-17s bomb the Skoda armament works at Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and in Germany, a marshalling yard at Rosenheim, industrial area at Plauen, aircraft engine plant at Munich, diesel engine factory at Augsburg, and oil storage depot at Regensburg, and communications targets in N Italy including a marshalling yard at Bressanone, bridges at or near Casarsa della Delizia, Pordenone, Santo Stino di Livenza, and Maniago, and rail line running N to the Brenner area; fighters escort missions to Germany and Czechoslovakia.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather grounds medium bombers; fighters and fighter-bombers, although cancelling many operations, cause much damage to transportation, destroying or damaging numerous locomotives, railroad cars, and motor transport, and damaging vessels in the Savona, Turin, Padua, and Genoa areas; HQ 86th Fighter Group and the 526th Fighter Squadron move from Grosseto to Pisa with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 8 B-24s from Guam Island bomb Yap Island, 2 from Saipan Island hit Pagan Island and, during the night of 23/24 Oct, 1 bombs Iwo Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s and P-38s maintain shipping sweeps in the Makassar area on Celebes Island. B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers hit oil storage at Boela on Ceram Island, Amboina town on Ambon Island, 2 airfields and other targets in the Amboina Ceram Island-Boeroe Island area. In New Guinea, fighter-bombers hit Sagan while A-20s support ground forces further E in the Sawar River-Orai River area. In the Philippines, vehicles and small vessels in the Mindanao area are attacked by fighter-bombers while B-25s attack small shipping in the Sulu Archipelago. Fighter-bombers over Halmahera Island hit scattered bivouacs. In New Guinea, the detachment of the 17th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 4th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance), ceases operating from Noemfoor Island with F-5s (the ground echelon is enroute from Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands to Morotai Island and other detachment are operating from Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands and Sansapor, New Guinea). The 39th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Group, moves from Owi, Schouten Islands to Morotai Island with P-47s.

TUESDAY, 24 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): On Paramushiru Island in the Kurile Islands, 3 B-24s bomb Kashiwabara and Kurabu Cape; 4 B-25s weather-abort a photo mission to the island; 2 others on a shipping sweep off Kurabu hit a freighter, which is observed listing and smoking, and strafe 2 subchasers.

 

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

OF OPERATIONS

: The CBI Theater is split into 2 theaters, China and India-Burma.

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): About 80 P-40s, P-51s, and P-38s on armed reconnaissance over SE China, SW China, and E Burma hit runways, storage facilities, town areas, troops, horses, gun positions, and other targets of opportunity around Amoy, Lohochai, Tanchuk, Sinthe, Menghsu, Pingnam, Mangshih and Chefang, and Lashio, Burma. HQ Fourteenth AF is reassigned from US Army Forces, CBI Theater to US Forces, China Theater.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma from 24 Oct through 27 Oct, fighter-bombers and B-25s steadily support Allied troops on the N Burma front, pounding road and rail communications, troop concentrations and supply dumps, and sweeping airfields; the strikes include close support of British troops advancing on the right flank of the front known as the "Rail Corridor," and of Chinese forces pushing down the left flank along the Myitkyina-Bhamo road.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): By this date, all Pathfinder aircraft of the 482d Bombardment Group (Pathfinder), engaged in H2X and other radar training at RAF Alconbury, have been dispersed to bombardment groups within the bombardment division, which set up their own H2X training. In Germany, 415 P-47s and P-51s are dispatched to attack aircraft and ground targets in the Hannover-Kassel area; 73 bomb flak positions at Elburg, a factory near Nienburg, and miscellaneous ground targets; bad weather causes other fighter-bombers to jettison bombs in the English Channel and Zuider Zee; the fighter-bombers strafe transportation and other ground targets with good results.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): In France, bad weather cancels all operations except fighter patrols by the IX and XXIX Tactical Air Commands over W Germany; the fighters attack rail targets. In Belgium, the 153d Liaison Squadron, IX Tactical Air Command (attached to First Army), moves from Verviers to Spa with L-5s; the 410th and 411th Fighter Squadrons, 373d Fighter Group, moves from Reims, France to Le Culot with P-47s. US STRATEGIC AIR FORCES IN EUROPE (USSTAF): The 173d Liaison Squadron, USSTAF, is activated at Orly Airport, Paris with L-4s and UC-78s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Weather cancels all offensive operations.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather grounds the medium bombers; 300+ XXII Tactical Air Command fighters and fighter-bombers attack targets in support of the US Fifth Army S of Bologna and hit communications and shipping in the Turin-Genoa and E Po Valley areas, destroying 14 locomotives and 100+ railroad cars; during the night of 23/24 Oct A-20s attack targets of opportunity in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): Guam Island-based B-24s bomb Yap Island while Saipan Island-based P-47s hit Pagan Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s bomb Buayoan Airfield on Mindanao Island while B-25s on armed reconnaissance hit small shipping and troops. B-24s, B-25s, and fighter-bombers hit the Sandakan, Borneo area. P-38s bomb Amboina, Ambon Island reservoir areas. In New Guinea, A-20s and fighter-bombers again pound Babo, Moemi, Sagan, Manokwari, Otawiri, and other Vogelkop Peninsula area targets. The following units move from New Guinea to Leyte Island: HQ 85th Fighter Wing from Hollandia; HQ 49th Fighter Group and the 7th and 9th Fighter Squadrons from Biak Island to Tacloban with P-38s. The 72d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), 5th Bombardment Group (Heavy), moves from Noemfoor Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island with B-24s.

WEDNESDAY, 25 OCTOBER 1944

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): 6 B-25s and 4 P-38s damage railroad tracks at Dara bridge in Thailand. In China, 7 P-38s and P-51s hit the Mongyu bridges and destroy the Kawnghka bridge; 4 others strafe Nawnghkio Airfield; 20+ P-51s and P-40s on armed reconnaissance attack targets of opportunity at Tengyun, Kweiping, and Ssuanghsu, and about 50 strike targets throughout the Menghsu area.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Twentieth Air Force): 59 B-29s, flying out of Chengtu, China, bomb an aircraft plant at Omura, Kyushu Island, Japan; several other B-29s hit alternate targets and targets of opportunity.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 688: 1,250 bombers and 522 fighters are dispatched to hit oil and industrial targets in W Germany; 2 bombers and 1 fighter are lost; the first three forces use H2X while the 4th and 5th use GH: 1. 455 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Harburg (221) and Rhenania oil refineries (214) at Hamburg; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost and 94 damaged; 9 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 129 of 139 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost and 1 damaged beyond repair. 2. 225 B-24s are dispatched to hit Neumunster Airfield (216); targets of opportunity are Munster (3) and Utersum (1); no losses. Escort is provided by 41 of 42 P-51s without loss. 3. 297 B-17s dispatched to hit the primary hit secondaries, Harburg (179) and Rhenania oil refineries (106) at Hamburg; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is lost and 16 damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 9 MIA. Escort is provided by 221 of 255 P-51s without loss. 4. 131 B-17s are dispatched to hit synthetic oil targets at Gelsenkirchen/ Nordstern (27); 100 others hit the secondary, the marshalling yard at Hamm; 49 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 50 of 50 P-47s without loss. 5. 142 B-24s are dispatched to hit synthetic oil targets at Scholven/Buer (91); 34 hit the secondary at Munster and 1 hits Gronua; 39 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 34 of 36 P-47s without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ First Tactical Air Force (Provisional) is established, but not yet organized, therefore HQ Ninth AF continues to administer, supply, and control all XII Tactical Air Command and assigned units until mid Nov when the First Tactical AF assumes full control. 9th Bombardment Division's missions are cancelled because of bad weather. Fighters fly sweeps, hit rail and military targets in the Saarbrucken, Germany area, and support the US XIX Corps in W Germany.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Weather again limits operations. In Austria, 3 B-17s bomb a Klagenfurt aircraft factory and Sankt Veit an der Glan marshalling yard. 5 P-38s complete 3 weather reconnaissance missions.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather again grounds medium bombers; fighter-bombers blast guns, vehicles, and communications in the battle area S of Bologna while fighters destroy 20+ locomotives in the Piacenza area; the 10th Troop Carrier Squadron moves from Brindisi to Pomigliano with C-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 29 Saipan Island-based B-24s bomb Iwo Jima Island during the morning. Later during the day 4 B-24s from Saipan and Guam Islands, on armed reconnaissance missions, bomb Yap Island. 8 P-47s from Saipan Island bomb Pagan Island. HQ 11th Bombardment Group (Heavy) moves from Kwajalein Atoll to Guam Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): 50+ B-24s, supported by P-38s and P-47s, attack naval forces in the Mindanao Sea of the Philippine Islands, firing small vessels and claiming a light cruiser damaged. On Celebes Island, B-24s bomb Ambesia Airfield and attack shipping in the Makassar-Kendari area. In the Moluccas Islands, fighter-bombers hit barges and villages in areas of Dodinga and Wasile Bays. B-25s, A-20s, and fighter-bombers hit Piroe and Saparoea in the Moluccas Islands, Boela on Ceram Island, Halong on Celebes Island, Amboina on Ambon Island, Haroekoe on Haroekoe Island, and N Ceram coastal targets. A-20s pound supply and fuel dumps in the Sarmi, New Guinea area. The 8th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group moves from Biak Island to Tacloban, Leyte Island with P-38s; and the 421st Night Fighter Squadron, V Fighter Command, moves from Owi, Schouten Islands to Tacloban, Leyte Island with P-38s and P-61s.

THURSDAY, 26 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): Of 6 B-24s which abort a naval task force cover mission after failing to find the ships, 2 bomb installations on Onnekotan Island.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, B-24s and B-25s attack shipping off the E Luichow Peninsula; B-25s also hit river shipping from Dosing to Takhing and a Yellow River bridge; fighters attack the town of Menghsu, hit targets of opportunity around Menghsu and Kweiping, and make an armed reconnaissance attack on Hongay, French Indochina; B-25s and fighters bomb railroad yards at Hsuchang.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 689: 1,225 bombers and 674 fighters make PFF attacks on industrial and communications targets in W Germany; 1 fighter is lost: 1. 430 B-17s are dispatched to attack a storage depot at Bielefeld (155) and aircraft repair plant and Ludwig marshalling yard at Munster (108); targets of opportunity are Munster (87), Gutersloh (24) and other (1); 10 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 204 of 215 P-51s; 1 P-51 is lost (pilot MIA). 2. 432 B-17s are dispatched to hit the Hannover/Hanomag military vehicle plant (155); targets of opportunity are Hannover (221), Bielefeld (36) and other (1); 2 B-17s are damaged beyond repair and 14 damaged; 16 airmen are KIA, and 1 WIA. Escort is provided by 235 P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-47 is damaged beyond repair. 3. 242 of 246 B-24s hit the aqueduct and Mittelland Canal at Minden; 5 B-24s are damaged. Escort is provided by 128 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 Luftwaffe aircraft without loss. 4. 117 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Welheim synthetic oil plant at Bottrop (65); 33 others hit Munster; 37 B-24s are damaged; 1 airman is WIA. Escort is provided by 59 of 66 P-51s without loss.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): No bomber operations as bad weather prevails; fighters sweep areas of E France and W Germany from Metz, France to Cologne, Germany, attacking rail and road traffic, rail bridges, and marshalling yards. The 112th Liaison Squadron, Ninth Air Force (attached to SHAEF), based at Buc, France with UC-78s and L-5s, send a flight to operate from Namur, Belgium.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Weather curtails operations; 7 B-17s bomb a marshalling yard at Innsbruck, Austria.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): Weather suspends all operations. The 527th Fighter Squadron, 86th Fighter Group, moves from Grosseto to Pisa, Italy with P-47s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 8 Saipan Island-based P-47s bomb and strafe Pagan Island. 15 B-25s based in the Gilbert Islands, bomb the airfield area on Nauru Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): In the Philippine Islands, B-24s attack a naval force of 2 battleships, 5 aircraft carriers, and 5 destroyers W of Panay Island; hits are claimed on a battleship and 2 carriers; on Mindanao Island, P-38s hit vehicles in the Davao area and B-25s bomb Iligan. On Halmahera Island, P-40s attack targets of opportunity in the Dodinga-Kaoe Bay area, Djailolo, supply area S of Galela, and guns S of Doro. In New Guinea, A-20s and B-25s bomb Urarom; the 318th Troop Carrier Squadron (Commando), 3d Air Commando Group, arrives at Nadzab with C-47s.

FRIDAY, 27 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 7 B-24s weather-abort an attempt to fly cover for a naval task force.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, fighters bomb and strafe the town of Mengmao and nearby hill positions, river traffic, troops, and horses from Tanchuk to Tengyun, bridges NE of Hsinganhsien, the town of Kaotienhsu, troops in the Kweilin area, rail traffic W of Puchi, and airfields at Siangtan and Changsha.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): HQ Tenth AF is reassigned from AAF, India-Burma Sector to AAF, India-Burma Theater.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 690: 2 B-17s and 7 B-24s drop leaflets on 38 locations in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Brigadier General William L Richardson reassumes command of the IX Air Defense Command. Adverse weather prevents all operations except patrols by XIX Tactical Air Command and supply dropping missions (to VI Corps near Saint-Die, France) by the XII Tactical Air Command. In Belgium, the 22d Fighter Squadron, 36th Fighter Group, moves from Juvincourt, France to Le Culot with P-47s; the 412th Fighter Squadron, 373d Fighter Group, moves from Reims, France to Le Culot. In France, the 394th Fighter Squadron, 367th Fighter Group, moves from Clastres to Juvincourt with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather limits operations to 5 weather reconnaissance flights.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): Weather curtails operations; fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance in the Genoa-Novi Ligure-Turin area hit communications and transportation targets.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 2 B-24s on armed reconnaissance from Saipan Island bomb Yap Island. During the night of 27/28 Oct a B-24 on a snooper mission hits Iwo Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): In the Philippine Islands, 40+ fighter-bombers, operating in 3 waves, hit shipping off Cebu Island and W of Mactan Island. B-24s attack Malili and Palopo on Celebes Island.

SATURDAY, 28 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 8 B-25s fly cover for a naval task force.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, fighters strafe villages, troops, and horses in the Menghsu-Konghow area, pound bridges around Kaotienhsu, and hit Yangtong Airfield and shipping at Hongay, French Indochina and Wuchou.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 80+ fighter-bombers pound numerous targets including town areas, troops, railroad facilities, and a variety of targets of opportunity at Mannaun, Manoi, Sinkan, Winwa, Man Mao, Myazedi, Pinwe, Naba, Yebawgyi, and Kangon.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 2 missions are flown. Mission 691: 382 bombers and 217 fighters are dispatched on PFF attacks on marshalling yards in Germany; 3 bombers and 2 fighters are lost. 1. 184 of 192 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Hamm; 1 other hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-17 is damaged beyond repair and 42 damaged. Escort is provided by 93 of 105 P-51s without loss. 2. 178 of 190 B-17s hit the marshalling yard at Munster; 3 B-17s are lost, 1 damaged beyond repair and 96 damaged; 12 airmen are WIA and 29 MIA. Escort is provided by 106 of 112 P-51s; 2 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA). Mission 692: 3 B-17s and 6 B-24s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): HQ 9th Bombardment Division moves from Chartres to Reims, France. In Germany, 45 B-26s bomb rail bridges at Sinzig, Kempenich, and Ahrweiler, and airfield at Euskirchen; fighters escort the bombers, fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over W Germany, attack 6 bridges and 1 tunnel, and support US XIX Corps in Belgium near the German border. In Belgium, the 23d Fighter Squadron, 36th Fighter Group, moves from Juvincourt, France to Le Culot with P-47s. In France, HQ 367th Fighter Group and the 392d and 393d Fighter Squadrons move from Clastres to Juvincourt with P-38s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):Bad weather again limits operations; 10 B-17s bomb a Klagenfurt, Austria aircraft factory; 6 P-38s fly reconnaissance missions, during the early part of the night; 8 B-17s bomb Municb W, Germany marshalling yard; 1 bombs Erlsbach, Austria.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, bad weather again grounds the medium bombers, and restricts the XXII Tactical Air Command; fighter-bombers and fighters, flying 65 sorties, attack vehicles and trains in the Turin-Milan-Genoa area.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): B-24s from Saipan Island bomb Haha Jima while others, from Guam Island, hit Yap Island. Saipan Island-based P-47s bomb Pagan Island. In Hawaii, the 6th Night Fighter Squadron, VII Fighter Command, moves from John Rodgers Airport to Kipapa with P-47s and P-61s (a detachment is operating from Saipan Island).

(Twentieth Air Force): Mariana Island-based XXI Bomber Command flies its first combat mission when 14 B-29s attack submarine pens on Dublon Island, Truk Atoll; 4 others, 1 carrying Brigadier General Haywood S Hansell, Jr, Commanding General XXI Bomber Command, abort; about a third of the bombs fall in the general target area.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): B-24s, fighting bad weather, bomb the airfield at Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island, Philippine Islands. During the night of 28/29 Oct, B-24s bomb the Wilhelmina Docks area on Celebes Island. B-25s and P-38s blast town of Amboina, Ambon Island. In the Philippines, HQ 475th Fighter Group moves from Biak Island, New Guinea to Dulag, Leyte Island.

SUNDAY, 29 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): On Paramushiru Island, 4 B-25s on reconnaissance hit Tomari Cape buildings and a freighter which is left listing.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, fighters in support of Chinese ground forces blast hill positions in the Lungling and Mangshih areas; others damage a bridge at Sinshih, bomb Kweiyi and Paoching, hit railroad targets between Siaokan and Sinyang, and strafe airfields at Chingmen, Tangyang, and Ichang.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 80+ fighter-bombers again attack a wide variety of targets including troop concentrations, bridges, supply dumps, and numerous targets of opportunity at Kawlin, Wingnang, Hsenwi, Bhamo, Shwegu, Kyungon, Tugyaung, Yebyangale, Henu, and Kayin.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): About 170 B-26s and A-20s bomb rail bridges at Mayen, Konz-Karthaus, and Euskirchen, Germany and Ellern and Moerdijke, the Netherlands; fighters fly escort to bombers, sweeps, defensive patrols, armed reconnaissance over wide areas of E France, the Netherlands, and Germany, bomb rail targets and bridges, and fly cover for the US XIX Corps in Belgium. In Belgium, HQ 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group and the 160th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron move from Luxembourg, Luxembourg to Le Culot with F-6s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):In Germany, 35 of over 155+ B-24s dispatched with fighter escort, bomb Munich W marshalling yard; the remainder and 670 other bombers, dispatched against targets in S Germany, abort the mission due to bad weather. In Austria, 30 P-38s, after escort duty, strafe communications lines from Wels to Kienberg destroying 17 locomotives and several other road and rail transportation targets.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather again restricts operations; XXII Tactical Air Command fighter-bombers fly 15 sorties against railroad targets in the Po Valley.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 19 B-24s from Saipan Island bomb Chichi Jima Island. 2 B-24s from Guam Island strike Yap Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): Fighter-bombers and B-25s, operating in small forces, are active against airfields, AA positions, and targets of opportunity on Halmahera Island. In New Guinea, fighter- bombers also hit Ransiki while fighter-bombers, A-20s, and B-25s bomb Urarom and Soeli and strafe targets of opportunity throughout the Urarom-Kaimana area. HQ Thirteenth AF moves from Noemfoor Island, New Guinea to Morotai Island. The 63d and 64th Troop Carrier Squadrons, 403d Troop Carrier Group, based on Biak Island,,,,,,,, begin operating from Wakde and Noemfoor Islands respectively with C-47s.

MONDAY, 30 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 3 B-24s fly armed reconnaissance over Matsuwa and Onnekotan Islands.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): 13 B-24s lay mines in Victoria Harbor, Hong Kong. P-40s bomb installations around Phu Lang Thuong, French Indochina and hit junks at sea. The detachment of the 529th Fighter Squadron, 311th Fighter Group, operating from Hsian with P-51s, returns to base at Pungchacheng.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): In Burma, 10 B-25s knock out bridges at Namhkai, Wuntho, Thegyaung, and Nankan and damage others at Okkyin and Zawchaung; 50+ P-47s knock out the Hpao Nam River bridge and strafe targets of opportunity at several locations; hit several bridges throughout the N Burma rail corridor, damaging or knocking out each target; support ground forces at Naba Station and Pinwe; and hit troop concentrations at Mansi and Manyut.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): 3 missions are flown. Mission 693: 1,279 bombers and 978 fighters fly a major mission against German oil production facilities; 2 bombers and 5 fighters are lost: 1. 357 B-24s are dispatched to hit the Harburg oil refinery (72) and Rhenania oil refinery (67) at Hamburg; targets of opportunity are Hamburg (28), Cuxhaven (25), Wesermunde (21), Uetersen (9), Bremen (1) and other (1); 2 B-24s are lost and 30 damaged; 19 airmen are MIA. Escort is provided by 293 P-47s and P-51s; 4 P-51s are lost (pilots MIA). 2. 463 B-17s dispatched hit secondary targets, the marshalling yards at Hamm (209) and Munster (192); targets of opportunity are Osnabruck (12), Enschede (2) and other (4); 17 B-17s are damaged; 1 airman is WIA and 2 MIA. Escort is provided by 123 of 135 P-47s; 1 P-47 is lost (pilot MIA). 3. 459 B-17s dispatched to hit the Leuna oil refinery at Merseburg are recalled due to deteriorating weather; 2 B-17s are damaged. Escort is provided by 482 of 508 P-51s without loss. Mission 693A: 2 of 5 B-17s make an APHRODITE attack on Heligoland Island, Germany; escort is provided by 7 of 7 P-47s. 26 of 27 B-17s, escorted by 8 of 8 P-47s, fly a cover mission to Heligoland without loss. Mission 694: 2 B-17s and 7 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): B-26s are recalled from a mission (mainly against bridges) because of bad weather; fighters fly patrols and armed reconnaissance over NE France and in W Germany around Aachen and the Rhine River; XIX Tactical Air Command escorts B-26s and heavy bombers of the Eighth AF. In France, HQ 387th Bombardment Group (Medium) moves from Chateaudun to Clastres.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

The 16th Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy, Special), AAF, MTO, begins a movement from Foggia, Italy to the US; the squadron flew combat in the MTO and ETO with B-17s as a radar detection and countermeasures unit from Sep 43 to Sep 44.

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):During the night of 30/31 Oct, 3 B-24s bomb a marshalling yard at Klagenfurt, Austria, P-38s fly reconnaissance missions, while bad weather cancels all other operations.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, weather again grounds the medium bombers and limits XXII Tactical Air Command fighter-bombers and fighters to 51 sorties against scattered targets in the Po Valley. In France, the 111th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, XII Tactical Air Command (attached to Provisional Reconnaissance Group), moves from Dijon to Azelot with F-6s.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): 8 B-24s on armed reconnaissance missions from Guam Island bomb Yap Island. 1 B-24 from Saipan Island, during the night of 30/31 Oct snooper mission, bombs Iwo Jima Island. Saipan Island-based P-47s hit Pagan Island. B-25s from Makin Island strike Nauru Island.

(Twentieth Air Force): 8 B-29s from the Mariana Islands bomb submarine pens on Dublon Island, Truk Atoll; 9 others bomb 2 miles (3.2 km) beyond the target.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): In the Philippine Islands, B-24s pound Bacolod Airfield on Negros Island, while on Mindanao Island, B-25s and fighter-bombers hit San Roque Airfield and barges at Zamboanga. P-38s hit Sandakan Airfield in Borneo. B-24s bomb the wharf area at Makassar, Celebes Island while P-40s, over the NE peninsula, hit various targets of opportunity. P-38s hit Piroe on Ceram island. Urarom Airfield in New Guinea is again bombed by A-20s and B-25s.

TUESDAY, 31 OCTOBER 1944

AMERICAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

ALASKA

(Eleventh Air Force): 4 B-25s score direct hits on a cannery at Tomari Cape on Paramushiru Island and leave nearby buildings burning; 1 of 2 B-25s hit by AA heads for and safely lands in the USSR.

CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

INDIA-BURMA

The 427th Night Fighter Squadron arrives at Pandaveswar, India from Italy with P-61s (first mission is 23 Nov).

CHINA

(Fourteenth Air Force): In China, 6 P-51s hit shipping targets of opportunity at Swatow and Amoy; about 70 fighters support Chinese ground forces by pounding positions in the Lungling area; 4 B-25s and 12 P-40s bomb a railroad bridge at Pengpu.

INDIA-BURMA

(Tenth Air Force): In Buram, 60+ P-47s attack occupied areas and supply areas at Namun, Bhamo, and Nakang, and railroad bridges, locomotive shelters, and rolling stock along the Kyaikthin-Naba line; 2 B-25s attack targets of opportunity from Katha to Bhamo along the Irrawaddy River.

EUROPEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Eighth Air Force): Mission 695: 3 B-17s and 5 B-24s drop leaflets in the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Ninth Air Force): Weather forbids bomber operations and limits fighters; the XII and XIX Tactical Air Commands fly patrols, sweeps, and armed reconnaissance over E France and W Germany; the XII Tactical Air Command also supports US Seventh Army elements in the Metz, France area. In Belgium, the 161st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Group, moves from Sandwieler, Luxembourg to Le Culot with F-6 and P-51s.

MEDITERRANEAN THEATER OF OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OPERATIONS

(Fifteenth Air Force):P-38s fly photo and weather reconnaissance; 174 B-24s, dispatched against a target in Yugoslavia, are forced to return because of weather. The 885th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), Fifteenth Air Force (attached to Mediterranean Allied Air Forces), arrives at Brindisi, Italy from Algeria with B-17s and B-24s (the squadron transports supplies to partisans and drops leaflets in the MTO).

TACTICAL OPERATIONS

(Twelfth Air Force): In Italy, B-26s hit a bridge and causeway at Nervesa della Battaglia and bridges at Montebello and Piazzola sul Brenta; fighter-bombers attack guns and positions in the battle area S of Bologna in the Apennines, and communications and shipping targets in the Po Valley and on the Po River.

PACIFIC OCEAN AREA

(Seventh Air Force): During the night of 31 Oct/l Nov a B-24 on a snooper mission from Saipan Island bombs Iwo Jima Island.

SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA

(Far East Air Force): P-47s and A-20s bomb Kairatoe Airfield and Saharoe village on Celebes Island. B-25s and P-40s hit Loloda and Soasioe in the Moluccas Islands. In New Guinea, P-38s and A-20s, concentrating on airfields, attack Samate Efman, Sagan, and Doom Island.