The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II
D Day 1944
Air Power Over the Normandy Beaches and Beyond
Richard P. Hallion
Operation Overlord, the Normandy invasion-like William the
Conqueror's before it or the Inchon landing afterwards-will long be
studied as a classic in military planning, logistics, and operations.
Overlord depended to a remarkable degree upon the use of air power in
virtually all its forms. A half-century ago, aircraft were primitive
vehicles of war compared to the modern attackers of the Gulf War era, with
their precision weapons, advanced navigational, sensor
systems, and communications. Yet, the airplane still had a profound impact
upon the success of the invasion. Simply stated, without air power,
Normandy would have been impossible.